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    Could Supplements and
    Vitamins Help You?

    Answer a few questions, and you'll get:

    • Suggestions for supplements to help you live healthier.
    • Ways your lifestyle and supplements work together.
    • Tips to help you shop for dietary supplements.

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on June 09, 2021


    USDA Choose My Plate: "Nutrition Facts Label," "What Foods Are in the Protein Foods Group."

    NHS Choices: "A balanced diet."

    Harvard School of Public Health: "Fats and Cholesterol."

    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: "Healthy Eating on the Gluten-Free Diet."

    UW Health: "The Reality Behind Gluten-Free Diets"

    "Supplementing A Gluten-Free Diet," Gluten Intolerance Group, August 2011.

    CDC: " How much physical activity do you need?"

    Healthy Sleep: "Why Do We Sleep, Anyway?" "Sleep, Learning, and Memory," "Sleep and Disease Risk."

    "Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D," Institute of Medicine, Nov 30, 2010.

    Institute of Medicine: "Dietary Reference Intakes" for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc, and "Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Estimated Average Requirements."

    CBC News: "Vitamin D supplements offer no bone benefit for some women," Sep 24, 2013.

    Jay Gordon, MD, FAAP: "Mother’s Milk, How to Increase Your Supply."

    Australian Breastfeeding Association: "Galactagogues (substances claimed to increase supply)."

    Picciano, M.F. Journal of Nutrition, June 1, 2003.

    La Leche League International: "How to Get Your Milk Supply Off to a Good Start."

    Broadhurst, C.L. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, December 2006.

    University of Maryland Medical Center: "Chromium," "Elderberry," "Glucosamine," "Carnitine (L-carnitine)."

    Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version via Medline Plus: "Ginseng, American."

    Lissiman, E. The Cochrane Library, published online Mar 14, 2012.

    "Mind and memory supplement scorecard," Harvard Men's Health Watch, December 2012.

    Science Daily: "No Evidence Drugs, Vitamins, Supplements Help Prevent Cognitive Decline in Healthy Older Adults," Apr 15, 2013.

    Scarmeas, N. Archives of Neurology, February 2009.

    Office of Women's Health: "Menopause Basics."

    Patisaul, H.B. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, October 2010.

    National Institute on Aging: "Menopause."

    Bendich, A. Journal of the American College of Nutrtion, February 2000.

    Dennehy, C.E. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, December 2006.

    Office of Dietary Supplements: "Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Iron," "Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Carnitine," "Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Multivitamin/mineral Supplements."

    National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Sleep Disorders and CAM: At a Glance."

    Srivastava, J.K. Molecular Medicine Reports, 2010.

    Antoniades, J. Alternative and Complementary Therapies, June 2012.

    Sahu, S. Phytomedicine, July 15, 2012.

    Natural Health Research Institute: " L-Tryptophan: It’s Back, It’s Safe & It’s Effective – Informed Opinion."

    Peuhkuri, K. Nutrition Research, May 2012.

    Basu, P. and Singaravel, M. ChronoPhysiology and Therapy, May 24, 2013.

    Artioli, G.G. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, June 2010.

    The Ohio State University Research News, Jan 30, 2007.

    Rosenfeldt, F.L. Journal of Human Hypertension, April 2007.

    Takeuchi, H. Journal of Oleo Science, 2007.

    Ford, A.C. BMJ Online First.

    Jackson, R.D. New England Journal of Medicine, 2006.

    Homik, J. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2000.

    Bischoff-Ferrari, H.A. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2005.

    Bruyere, O. Drugs Aging, 2007.

    Clegg, D.O. New England Journal of Medicine, February 2006.

    Pedone, C.A. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 1999.  

    Oksanen, P.J. Annals of Medicine, 1990.

    Tubelius, P. Environmental Health, Nov. 7, 2005.

    Moreyra, A. Archives of Internal Medicine, May 23, 2005.

    International Journal of Cardiology, Oct. 31, 2007.

    American Journal of Cardiology, Sept. 1, 2006.

    British Journal of Nutrition, Feb. 2008.

    Pharmacotherapy, February 2005.

    Journal of Nephrology, January-February 2007.

    New England Journal of Medicine, Nov. 7, 2002.

    Mayo Clinic Proceedings, July 2008.

    Lamberg, L. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 1998.

    Katiyar, S. Archives of Dermatology, 2000.

    Helfrich, Y. Archives of Dermatology, 2007.

    Elmets, C. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2001.

    Heinrich, U. Journal of Nutrition, 2006.

    Lee, K. Journal of Dermatological Science, 2008.

    Kitazawa, M. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 2005.

    Burke, K. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2004.

    Linde, K. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Oct. 8, 2008.

    Williams, A.L. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, June 2005.

    Wade, A. Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs, Oct. 17, 2008.

    Wheatley, D. Journal of Psychopharmacology, July 2005.

    FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food Additive Database.

    Yin, J. Endocrine, Metabolic, and Immune Disorders Drug Targets, June 2008.

    Hartz, A.J. Psychological Medicine, January 2004.

    Perry, J.T. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, April 2008.

    Scholey, A.B. Psychopharmacology, November 2004.

    Smit, H.J. Physiology and Behavior, Feb. 28, 2006.

    Gorton, H.C. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Oct. 22, 1999.

    Hemila, H. The British Journal of Nutrition, January 1997.

    Carr, A.B. The Medical Journal of Australia, Oct. 17, 1981.

    Linde, K. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Jan. 25, 2006.

    Turner, R.B. The New England Journal of Medicine, July 28, 2005.

    Taylor, J.A. The Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec. 3, 2003.

    Josling, P. Advances in Therapy, July-August 2001.

    Caruso, T.J. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Sept. 1, 2007.

    Madisch, A. Digestion, 2004.

    Thamlikitkul, V. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, November 1989.

    Pedone, C.A. International Journal of Clinical Practice, April-May 1999.

    Oksanen, P.J. Annals of Medicine, February 1990.

    Cogswell, M.E. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003.

    Hathcock, J.N. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 1991.

    Jaber, R. Primary Care, June 2002.

    Fraunfelder, F.W. American Journal of Ophthalmology, October 2004.

    American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Premenstrual Syndrome."

    National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Evening Primrose Oil," "Chasteberry," and Sleep Disorders and CAM: At a Glance."

    U.S. Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion: "10 Tips for Following a Vegetarian Diet."

    U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Vegetarianism."

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