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AcneNet: "What Causes Acne?"
ACOG Pamphlet: "Premenstrual Syndrome."
American Academy of Family Physicians: "Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder."
American Dietetic Association: "Premenstrual Syndrome."
Chocano-Bedoya, P. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, February 2011.
Hassan, I. The Journal of the British Menopause Society, December 2004.
Judith Wurtman, PhD, director of the women's health program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.
Medscape: "Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder - Overview," "Premenstrual Syndrome Clinical Presentation."
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Black Cohosh," "Chasteberry," "Evening Primrose Oil."
New York Presbyterian: "Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder."
Oregon State University Micronutrient Information Center: "Thiamine."
TeensHealth: "Why Do Some Girls Get PMS?"
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Midlife Transitions."
The National Women's Health Information Center: "Premenstrual Syndrome."
Women'sHealth.gov: "What Is Perimenopause?"
Reviewed by Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH on October 23, 2018
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
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