If you are unable to become pregnant because of a
fallopian tube problem, tubal surgery may be helpful.
The chances of success of a fallopian tube procedure depend in part on the
location and extent of the blockage.
Clearing a tubal blockage close to the uterus is
most likely to be successful. Up to 60% of women with this type of blockage
have reported successful pregnancies after tubal surgery.1 These blockages often are functional (such as a mucus plug)
rather than structural (such as scarring or other obstruction).
From 20% to 30% of women with a blockage near the end of the
fallopian tube have had successful pregnancies after tubal surgery.1
If both ends of a fallopian tube have blockages,
surgery is unlikely to result an a successful pregnancy.
of fallopian tube that remains after surgery is critical to the function of the
tube. If a large part of the tube must be removed to eliminate blockage, the
likelihood of pregnancy after surgery is reduced.
Additional factors that affect surgery success include your age,
whether you have scar tissue (adhesions) or other diseases in your pelvic area,
and your surgeon's level of skill and experience.
After tubal surgery, the risk of
tubal (ectopic) pregnancy is higher than normal. This
can be an effect of the surgery or of preexisting tubal damage.
Al-Inany H (2005). Female infertility, search date
April 2004. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence.
Also available online: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
Bets Davis, MFA
Sandy Jocoy, RN
Kathleen M. Ariss, MS
Pat Truman, MATC
Primary Medical Reviewer
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
March 21, 2008
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 21, 2008
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