Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Information and Resources

Understanding Addison's Disease -- Symptoms

What Are the Symptoms of Addison's Disease?

Over time, Addison's disease leads to these symptoms:

  • Chronic fatigue and muscle weakness.
  • Loss of appetite, inability to digest food, and weight loss.
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension) that falls further when standing. This makes a person dizzy, sometimes to the point of fainting.
  • Blotchy, dark tanning and freckling of the skin. This is most noticeable on parts of the body exposed to the sun, but also occurs in unexposed areas like the gums. Darkened skin is particularly likely to occur on the forehead, knees, and elbows or along scars, skin folds, and creases (such as on the palms).
  • Blood sugar abnormalities, including dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Inability to cope with stress.
  • Moodiness, irritability, and depression.
  • Intolerance to heat or cold.
  • Craving of salty foods.

Some of these symptoms may indicate conditions other than Addison's disease. 

Understanding Addison's Disease

Find out more about Addison's disease:

Basics

Symptoms

Diagnosis and Treatment

Because symptoms of Addison's disease progress slowly, they may go unrecognized until a physically stressful event, such as another illness, surgery, or an accident, worsens symptoms quickly. When this happens, it's called an Addisonian crisis. For one in four people with Addison's disease, this is the first time they realize they are ill. An Addisonian crisis is considered a medical emergency because it can be fatal.

Symptoms of an Addisonian crisis include:

  • Sudden penetrating pain in the lower back, abdomen, or legs
  • Severe vomiting and diarrhea, followed by dehydration
  • Low blood pressure
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Eventual kidney shutdown

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by David T. Derrer, MD on March 29, 2014

Hot Topics

WebMD Video: Now Playing

Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Popular Slideshows & Tools on WebMD

hands on abdomen
Can you catch one?
Woman sitting in front of UV lights
Is yours working?
woman using breath spray
What's causing yours?
womans hand on abdomen
Are you ready for baby?
MS Overview
Recognizing symptoms.
bowl of yogurt with heart shape
Eat for a healthy heart.
woman doing pushups
To help you get fit.
Colored x-ray of tooth decay
Know what to look for.
Woman sitting with child
Do you know the symptoms?
mosquito
Stings, bites, burns, and more.
Allentown, PA
Are you living in one?
Thyroid exam
See how much you know.

Women's Health Newsletter

Find out what women really need.