Skip to content

    Understanding Kidney Disease

    Understanding Kidney Disease -- the Basics

    (continued)

    What Causes Chronic Kidney Disease? continued...

    Diabetes (types 1 and 2) and high blood pressure are the most common causes.

    Immune system diseases, such as lupus, and long-term viral illnesses, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C, can also cause problems.

    Urinary tract infections within the kidneys themselves, called pyelonephritis, can lead to scarring as the infection heals. Multiple episodes can lead to kidney damage.

    You could have inflammation in the tiny filters (glomeruli) within your kidneys. This can happen after a strep infection.

    Polycystic kidney disease, where fluid-filled cysts form in your kidneys, is the most common type of inherited kidney disease.

    Defects present at birth are often the result of a urinary tract obstruction or malformation that affects the kidneys. One of the most common involves a kind of valve between the bladder and urethra. These defects, sometimes found while a baby is still in the womb, can often be repaired with surgery by a urologist.

    Drugs and toxins, including long-term use of some medications, such as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen and naproxen, and intravenous "street" drugs can permanently damage your kidneys. So can being around certain chemicals over time.

    1 | 2

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Michael Dansinger, MD on January 09, 2016
    Next Article:

    Understanding Kidney Disease Topics

    Hot Topics

    WebMD Video: Now Playing

    Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

    Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

    Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

    Popular Slideshows & Tools on WebMD

    disciplining a boy
    Types, symptoms, causes.
    fruit drinks
    Eat these to think better.
    embarrassed woman
    Do you feel guilty after eating?
    diabetes supply kit
    Pack and prepare.
    Balding man in mirror
    Treatments & solutions.
    birth control pills
    Which kind is right for you?
    Remember your finger
    Are you getting more forgetful?
    sticky notes on face
    10 tips to clear your brain fog.
    Close up of eye
    12 reasons you're distracted.
    Trainer demonstrating exercise for RA
    Exercises for your joints.
    apple slices with peanut butter
    What goes best with workouts?
    Pink badge on woman chest to support breat cancer
    Myths and facts.

    Women's Health Newsletter

    Find out what women really need.