A girl with ADHD may be labeled Chatty Cathy -- the enthusiastic school-aged girl who is always telling stories to friends. Or she could be the daydreamer -- the smart, shy teenager with the disorganized locker.
But what happens when she grows up? Or when her ADHD isn't diagnosed until she's a woman? Is her experience different from what men with ADHD go through?
ADHD has not been widely researched in women. Much more is known about how it affects children. But there seem to be some patterns that...
Behavior therapy is not meant to treat
inattention, overactivity, or impulsivity. But it can help with some of the
behavior problems that go along with ADHD, such as not getting along well with
others or not obeying rules.
For children with ADHD who are
younger than age 18, behavior therapy typically involves two basic
Encouraging good behavior through praise or
rewards. Praise for good behavior should immediately follow the
Be aware of your child's need for routine and
structure. Warn him or her beforehand if something out of the ordinary is
expected, such as taking a different route home from the grocery store. Even
small changes in a normal routine can upset your child.
child exactly what you expect from him or her before activities or events
throughout the day. For example, when you plan to go grocery shopping, make
sure your child knows that he or she is going to sit in the cart or hold your
hand. Also, let your child know before you go in the store specifically what
items, if any, he or she will be able to pick out.
Use a system to
reward your child for positive behavior, such as token jars or sticker charts.
After accumulating a certain number of tokens or stickers, plan a special
activity for your child, such as going to the park.
Use a timer to
help your child anticipate a change in activities and to keep him or her on
task. Set a certain amount of time for activities, such as coloring. Tell your
child that when the timer goes off, that activity will be over and specify what
will happen next (for example, "When the timer goes off, we will be finished
coloring and then take a bath"). Also, you can use the timer for chores,
such as picking up toys. If your child finishes the task in the allotted time,
you can use the token or sticker reward system.
your child in activities that build attention skills, such as puzzles, reading,