Childhood allergies are common and usually not life-threatening. But sometimes a child can have what’s known as anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that needs immediate medical treatment.
As a parent of a child with allergies, you need to learn the difference between symptoms of mild allergic reactions and an anaphylactic reaction. And you should know what to do if your child has an anaphylactic reaction.
Help your child manage allergies at school with these tips.
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Circle of Support: Help kids get support at school. Meet with teachers, the nurse, and the coach to discuss the child's allergies or asthma. Develop a game plan.
Game Plan: Give the school nurse an "allergy card" with critical details -- your child's allergy...
Kids with mild allergies (like seasonal allergies) will usually have these symptoms:
Watery, runny eyes
An itchy rash or hives
These symptoms usually aren't a danger. But stay on the lookout for more serious allergy symptoms (see below), especially in kids who have a history of asthma and severe allergic reactions.
Most anaphylactic reactions have symptoms from two or more areas of the body.
Trouble breathing or noisy breathing
Tightness in the lungs
Heart and Blood Vessels
Low blood pressure
Weak, rapid pulse
Pale or flushed skin
Hives or welts
Swelling of the throat, face, lips, or tongue
Stomach and Digestion
What Causes Anaphylaxis?
In anaphylaxis, a child has a severe reaction to an allergy trigger. Many cases are caused by food allergies, medications or insect stings.
Their airways narrow and their throat swells, which can block breathing. Their blood vessels widen, making their blood pressure fall, sometimes to dangerous levels.
Anaphylactic reactions usually happen fast. Symptoms often get the most severe within three to 30 minutes of exposure to the allergy trigger. Quicker reactions are usually more severe.
A child who has had a severe allergic reaction should carry an emergency kit that includes an epinephrine auto-injector.
You should know how to use the pen. So should your child's teacher. Your child may also be old enough to use it on herself. Ask her doctor if she’s ready for that.
As soon as possible after the allergic reaction starts, give the child at least one shot of the drug. She may need more than one. Even if you are not sure the symptoms are allergy related, don’t hesitate to give her the injection. Waiting can be much more harmful than the medication.
The injection isn’t a cure. It won’t stop a severe allergic reaction. Even if your child seems OK, emergency medical care is a must.
Restock any items you use from the emergency kit so it's ready at all times. Like all drugs, epinephrine does have an expiration date, so check the dates on each pen.