Springtime brings not just deliciously longer days, warmer weather, balmy
breezes and blooming flowers. For people with allergies, it means the return of
pollen. Pollen and allergies don't mix.
There's not much you can do to avoid pollen altogether -- after all, it's
produced by grasses, trees, flowers and weeds -- but you can minimize the
misery. Here's your springtime pollen survival guide.
Alternaria. Aspergillus. Cladosporium. Penicillium. Unless you have a special fondness for fungi, you’re probably not too familiar with these or any of the thousands of other common molds.
But if you’re among the estimated 5% of Americans who have mold allergies, you may be all too well acquainted with the itchy eyes, nasal congestion, coughing, wheezing, skin irritation, and other symptoms mold allergies can cause. Severe mold allergies can even trigger potentially dangerous asthma attacks.
Be realistic. "Complete avoidance of pollen is impractical," says
Daniel Waggoner, MD, an allergist in Mystic, Conn., tells his patients. "In
Connecticut, spring brings tree pollens. Late spring and summer brings grass
pollens. Late summer and fall brings weed pollen."
"That in general holds true across the country," he says. However,
if you travel south, some types of pollen may linger year round, with the
But there's a lot you can do to minimize the fallout from pollen -- from
simple measures you can take around the house to seeing an allergist for
First, Know Your Pollen Count
Pollen is the invisible annoyance. The average pollen particle is smaller
than the width of an average human hair, according to the American Academy of
Allergy Asthma & Immunology.
But once pollen reaches your nose and throat, it can trigger an allergic
reaction if you are the sensitive type. And about 35 million Americans are
sensitive to pollen, according to National Institutes of Health estimates.
It's easy enough to check the pollen count in your locale through the
National Allergy Bureau, a section of the American Academy of Allergy Asthma
and Immunology, which maintains an online site for pollen counts.
Pollen counts calculate a given pollen in a specific amount of air during a
particular period, such as 24 hours, according to the Asthma and Allergy
Foundation of America.
Ask your allergist exactly what you are allergic to, and when that pollen
peaks, so you can be ready to take action before the pollen triggers bad
allergic reactions, says Russell B. Leftwich, MD, an allergist in Nashville,
Second, Stay Indoors When Pollen Counts Are High
When pollen counts are high, shut the windows and use the air conditioner,
"The biggest problem pollen-sensitive patients have are the times when
the pollen is heaviest and outside temperatures are the nicest," he says.
"People are tempted to sleep with the windows open."
Big mistake, he tells them. "Normally with the windows shut and the air
conditioner on there is very little pollen in your house."