Dust Mites Elude High-End Vacuums
Researchers Say Even With HEPA Filter, Vacuums Don't Abolish Home Allergens
WebMD News Archive
Feb. 17, 2006 -- You can't vacuum your allergies away, British researchers
Experts currently recommend vacuums equipped with high-efficiency
particulate air filters -- HEPA filters -- for families with dust mite or pet
But Robin Gore, MD, and colleagues at the University of Manchester have been
testing brand-new, HEPA-equipped vacuums. They recently showed they actually
raise personal exposure to cat dander. Now they find that they stir up dust
"Both HEPA and non-HEPA vacuum cleaners can actually increase an
individual's exposure to particles containing cat allergens," Gore says, in
a news release. "These latest findings further suggest that there is no
significant advantage to using a HEPA vacuum cleaner to reduce exposure to
airborne particles like dust mites."
The findings appear in the January issue of the European Journal of
Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
The Unbeaten Old Vacuum
Gore's team got spanking new vacuum cleaners from Electrolux UK, Hoover UK,
Nilfisk, Miele, and Stimvak. They also hauled from its closet a 10-year-old
used Electrolux, with its original non-HEPA filter.
In a sealed experimental chamber, the HEPA-equipped vacuums did not leak
allergens -- tiny particles of irritating substances. The old vacuum did.
But when researchers tested the vacuums in actual homes, they got different
results. Experimenters wore particle-trapping devices in their nostrils. In
terms of how much dust mite allergen got into the nose, the new vacuums were no
better than the old one.
Gore and colleagues deduce that all the vacuums stirred up dust mite
allergens from the carpet. The amount of dust mite particles that got into the
vacuumers' noses was small, even when they used the old vacuum. And changing
the vacuum cleaner bags -- even on the fancy vacuums -- produced a small cloud
Gore's team concludes that HEPA-equipped vacuums don't reduce allergen
exposure and should not specifically be recommended by allergists.
So is money spent on a HEPA-equipped vacuum really wasted? WebMD asked the
nation's impartial experts -- Consumer Reports. Vacuum tester Mark
Connelly is CR's director of appliances and home improvement
"If a vacuum has a HEPA filter, but just blows particles to the side and
is putting things into someone's nose, that is no help," Connelly tells
WebMD. "Whether it is because the vacuum is blowing particles at the carpet
level, or leaking from around the HEPA filter, or getting stirred up by the
brush, we say, 'Hey! Particles are going up your nose. This is not a good
No vacuum cleaner in the world is going to cure your family's allergies,
says allergist Clifford W. Bassett, MD, of Long Island College Hospital,
Brooklyn, N.Y. But since you have to vacuum your carpets anyway, a
HEPA-filtered vacuum can be part of a comprehensive strategy to reduce