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Alzheimer's Disease Health Center

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Areas of the Brain Affected by Alzheimer's and Other Dementias

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Alzheimer's disease is a progressive condition that destroys the connections between cells in the brain. Eventually these cells die, which affects how the brain works. As cells die in the outer layer of the brain—called the cortex—it shrinks, and the spaces in the brain get larger. The cortex includes the hippocampus, which is an area of the brain that helps new memories form.

The damage to the brain eventually causes problems with memory, intelligence, judgment, language, and behavior.

Alzheimer's is the most common form of mental decline, or dementia, in older adults.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerMyron F. Weiner, MD - Psychiatry, Neurology
Last RevisedOctober 29, 2012

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: October 29, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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