Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if signs of a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) develop suddenly. These may include: Numbness, weakness, or inability to move the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, vision proble
Dementia is difficult to prevent because what causes it often is not known. However, people who have vascular dementia may be able to prevent future declines by lowering their risk of heart disease and stroke.
Doctors diagnose the cause of dementia by asking questions about the person's medical history and doing a physical exam, a mental status exam, and lab and imaging tests. Tests can help the doctor learn whether dementia is caused by a treatable condition.
How quickly dementia progresses depends on what is causing it and the area of the brain that is affected. Some types of dementia progress slowly over several years. Other types may progress more rapidly.
Doctors use medicines to treat dementia in the following ways: To correct an underlying condition causing dementia, such as thyroid replacement for hypothyroidism, vitamins for lack of thiamine or vitamin B12, or antibiotics for infections. To maintain me