Dementia - Symptoms
dementia vary depending on the cause and the
area of the brain that is affected. Symptoms include:
- Memory loss. This is usually the earliest and most
- Trouble recalling recent
events or recognizing people and
- Trouble finding the right words.
- Problems planning and carrying out tasks, such
as balancing a checkbook, following a recipe, or writing a
- Trouble exercising judgment, such as knowing what to
do in an emergency.
- Trouble controlling moods or
Depression is common, and agitation or aggression may
- Not keeping up personal care such as grooming or
Some types of dementia cause particular symptoms:
- People who have
dementia with Lewy bodies often have highly detailed
visual hallucinations. And they may fall frequently.
- The first symptoms
frontotemporal dementia may be personality changes or
unusual behavior. People with this condition may not express any caring for
others, or they may say rude things, expose themselves, or make sexually
Symptoms of dementia that come on suddenly suggest
vascular dementia or possibly
delirium—short-term confusion caused by a new or
It is important to
know that memory loss can be caused by conditions other than dementia, such as
depression, and that those conditions can be treated. Also, occasional trouble
with memory (such as briefly forgetting someone's name) can be a normal part of
aging. But if you are worried about memory loss or if a loved one has memory
loss that is getting worse, see your doctor.