If arthritis pain has you chained to your chair, you must do what you dread
most: Get up and move that aching body. Otherwise, it will only get worse.
By staying put, you allow your muscles and ligaments to tighten up, so your
joints won't bend as far as they used to. You also burn fewer calories, and the
weight you pack on as a result puts more strain on your joints.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis may include joint pain and progressive stiffness that develops gradually.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include painful swelling, inflammation, and stiffness in the fingers, arms, legs, and wrists occurring in the same joints on both sides of the body, especially upon awakening.
Symptoms of infectious arthritis may include fever, chills, joint inflammation, tenderness, and sharp pain that is associated with an injury or infection elsewhere in your body.
That doesn't mean you should jump up and put yourself through a grueling
workout right now. If you're not in shape, you have to ease into it. The best
way to begin -- and to end -- is by stretching.
Stretches are range-of-motion exercises that reduce stiffness and help keep
your joints flexible, which can make daily activities easier. Simply put, your
"range of motion" is the normal amount your joints can be moved in
certain directions. Stretching gradually expands that range, giving you greater
flexibility and less pain.
You should always stretch before you attempt any workout. If you are stiff
while you're exercising, you are more likely to hurt yourself, says Bernard
Rubin, chief of rheumatology at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center.
It's true for anyone, even kids. Nevertheless, "The older you get, the more
important it is," Rubin says. To keep your muscles limber, you must also
stretch after you exercise.
In a sense, stretching and strengthening are the ying and yang of exercise:
one enhances the other.
When you get up from a chair and climb stairs you use your quadriceps -- leg
muscles above the knee. "It's important to build strength in those
muscles," says Geri Neuberger, nursing professor at the University of
Kansas Medical Center. Before you do, stretch them. Stand up holding onto a
wall for support. Reach around behind you and grab your ankle (with your right
hand to stretch the right leg, and vice versa). Bending the knee, gently pull
your foot up towards your behind. When you feel the muscle stretch, hold it for
about ten to 20 seconds. Let go, and do the other leg.