Glossary of Fertility Terms
Postcoital Test: A standard fertility test in which a sample of cervical mucus is taken after intercourse to check the number and behavior of the sperm.
Premature Ovarian Failure: A condition in which a woman enters menopause before age 40 as a result of the ovaries ceasing ovulation and the production of estrogen.
Retrograde Ejaculation: A condition in which semen enters the bladder during ejaculation instead of leaving the penis.
Round Spermatid Nucleus Injection (ROSNI): An experimental fertilization technique in which immature sperm cells are removed from the testicle and the genetic material is injected into an egg.
Semen Analysis: A standard test of a man's semen to check the number and shape of his sperm.
Sonogram: The use of high-frequency sound waves to create images of structures inside the body.
Sperm: The main agents of male reproduction, which are produced in the testes and released into the semen.
Superovulation: Stimulation of the ovaries, usually done with hormones, that causes them to produce multiple eggs instead of one.
Tubal Ligation: A surgical procedure in which the fallopian tubes are surgically closed to prevent pregnancy.
Uterus: The womb, the main female reproductive organ.
Varicocele: A varicose vein in the scrotum that may affect the quality and the production of sperm.
Vasectomy: A surgical procedure for men that prevents sperm from reaching the urethra, making him sterile.
Zygote: An early stage in the development of a fertilized egg.
Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT): An assisted reproductive technique similar to IVF that involves removing sperm and eggs, combining them outside the body, and inserting fertilized eggs into the fallopian tubes.