- Having a history of depression or PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder, a severe type of PMS)
- Age at time of pregnancy; the younger you are, the higher the risk.
- Living alone or having limited familial support
- Limited social support
- Marital conflict or domestic violence
- Uncertainty about the pregnancy
Stress related to pregnancy can contribute to the return or worsening of depression symptoms.
Depression can get in the way of being able to care for yourself during your pregnancy. You may be less able to follow medical recommendations, as well as sleep and eat properly.
Some studies suggest that depression during pregnancy may increase the risk for pre-term delivery and low infant birth weight. However, there are experts who debate the connection between these outcomes and untreated depression.
Depression may interfere with your ability to bond with your growing baby, too. Being depressed during pregnancy can place you at greater risk for having an episode of depression after delivery (postpartum depression).
Take Care of Yourself
Preparing for a new baby is a lot of hard work, but your health should come first. So resist the urge to get everything done: Cut down on your chores, and do things that will help you to relax. Taking care of yourself is a key part of taking care of your unborn child.
Open up to your partner, your family, or your friends about what concerns you. If you ask for support, you'll find that you often get it.
If you're still feeling down and anxious, consider therapy with a mental health specialist.
Medication and Treatment
Evidence suggests that many antidepressant medicines are safe for treating depression during pregnancy, and will not harm your growing baby -- at least according to the results from short-term studies. Long-term effects have not been as fully studied.
Talk to your doctor about the possible risks and benefits of antidepressants. He can work with you to manage your symptoms and develop a treatment plan. He can also to refer you to a mental health specialist, if you need it.