Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - What Increases Your Risk
The risk of having lumbar spinal stenosis increases if you are older than age 50, have a history of spinal injury, or have osteoarthritis (spondylosis) of the spine.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Other Treatment
Physical therapy is an important part of nonsurgical and postsurgical treatment for spinal stenosis. Physical therapy can reduce pain, improve function, and build muscle strength.
History and Physical Exam for Low Back Pain
A thorough history to evaluate low back pain includes an assessment of:Pattern, intensity, and duration of the current episode of low back pain (you may be asked to complete a pain drawing to identify the sites and symptoms of pain). Make sure your doctor understands what brings on or increases your pain and what makes you feel better.Spine problems you have had since birth (congenital spine ...
Use Heat or Ice to Relieve Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
There is some evidence that heat will help decrease low back pain. There is little proof that cold will help. 1 But some people do find that heat or cold help them. Follow these suggestions if you would like to try heat or cold for low back pain. Heat to relieve low back pain Apply heat for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. Moist heat (hot packs,baths,showers) works better than dry heat. Try an ...
Scoliosis - Surgery
Surgery may be used to treat severe scoliosis. The goal of surgery is to improve a severe spinal curve. The result will not be a perfectly straight spine, but the goal is to balance the spine and to make sure the curve does not get worse.
Lumbar Spinal Fusion (Arthrodesis)
Spinal fusion (arthrodesis) is a surgical procedure that joins, or fuses, two or more vertebrae. Spinal fusion is major surgery, usually lasting several hours. There are different methods of spinal fusion.
Scoliosis - Symptoms
In children and teens, scoliosis generally does not cause symptoms and is not obvious until the curve of the spine becomes severe. It may first become noticeable to a parent who observes that the child's clothes do not fit right or that hems hang unevenly
Evaluating Low Back Pain - Topic Overview
Your doctor can learn a lot about what is causing low back pain or other symptoms by watching you as you move, and by doing simple tests. Here are some of the things your doctor may do to evaluate your low back pain:Observe how you move. Spasms of the muscles next to the spine can create pain with any of these tests.Walking. You walk while your doctor watches you for things like how you move and carry your body, and whether you limp or favor one leg as you walk. Your doctor may also watch to see how you sit down, lie down, and get up.Flexion. You bend forward and try to touch your toes. If bending forward causes pain, it may mean you have a disc problem.Extension. You hyperextend your back by bending backward. Pain that increases when bending backward (extending the spine) suggests degenerative changes, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis.Rotation and side bending. You rotate your back by keeping your hips still and turning your upper body from side to side to do a rotation test.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Cause
The most common cause of lumbar spinal stenosis is age-related changes of the spine. These changes include thickening of soft tissues and a gradual deterioration of spinal discs and joints that connect the spine's vertebrae.
Scoliosis - Topic Overview
What is scoliosis? Scoliosis is a problem with the curve in your spine. Some curves in your spine are normal. But a few people have spines that make a large curve from side to side in the shape of the letter 'S' or the letter 'C.' If this curve is severe,