Carcinoid Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
Treatment for Carcinoid Syndrome continued...
Other drugs control specific symptoms. Some examples are:
- Interferon, often given along with octreotide for symptoms and to help slow tumor growth
- Cyproheptadine, an antihistamine that can be used with carcinoid tumors that release histamines
In addition to surgery, your doctor may treat the spread of the tumor to the liver with:
- Hepatic artery embolization, which reduces blood supply to the liver tumor
- Cryoablation, which freezes the tumor
- Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), which kills tumor cells with heat from electric currents
- Chemotherapy, which uses drugs to stop the growth of tumor cells
- Chemoembolization, which delivers a high dose of chemotherapy directly into a blood vessel that feeds the tumor and also blocks the arteries, trapping the drug in the tumor
- Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill tumor cells
Improving Symptoms With Nutrition and Self-Care
You can take steps at home to help with the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome. For example, avoid things that trigger your symptoms. This might include stress, certain types of physical activity, a large meal, alcohol, and some foods such as aged cheeses and other tyramine-containing foods.