Freezing the Pain of Cancerous Tumors
Cryoablation Offers Relief When All Else Fails
WebMD News Archive
Nov. 27, 2007 (Chicago) -- Doctors are freezing the pain
out of agonizing tumors.
In a study of 34 cancer patients, the method, called cryoablation,
alleviated relentless pain that hadn't respond to all other treatments.
"This was really severe, persistent pain that required patients to take
narcotics just to get through the day," says researcher Matthew Callstrom,
MD, PhD, a radiologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.
All reported at least some pain relief. All were able to cut back on, and in
some cases even stop taking, narcotics.
Most importantly, Callstrom tells WebMD, was the improvement in their
quality of life.
"Patients said, on average, that half their life was affected by pain at
the start of the study. By 24 weeks later, it was down to 10%," he
The findings were presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological
Society of North America.
Probes Guided Through Skin
The minimally invasive technique involves inserting tiny probes called
cryoapplicators through a quarter-inch cut in the patients' skin, using
ultrasound or CT imaging to guide them into the tumor.
Gas is then circulated through the probes. When exposed to the probe's steel
tip, the gas rapidly cools and freezes the area. Freezing destroys the cancer
cells, inflammatory cells, and small sensory nerve cells that cause pain.
The new study involved 34 patients with a range of cancers including
colorectal, kidney, lung, and ovarian. All were gravely ill with aggressive
cancer that had spread to the bone.
According to Callstrom, about 200,000 Americans with cancer have poorly
controlled pain due to bone spread each year.
At the start of the study, their pain score averaged 7.2 points on a
10-point scale. Four weeks later, pain was significantly reduced. The treatment
appeared to have lasting effects: 24 weeks after undergoing the procedure, the
average pain score was just 1.7 points.
A number of the patients died during the 24-week study, but that wasn't
unexpected since all were considered terminally ill. Cryoablation is not
designed to restore health or cure cancer, but to reduce physical suffering,
The work was funded by Endocare Inc., which makes the cryoablation system
used in the study.
Cryoablation vs. Radiation
Based on the results, the researchers were awarded a grant from the National
Cancer Institute to lead a nationwide study to pit cryoablation against
radiation therapy, the current gold standard for treating pain associated with
advanced cancer that has spread to the bone.
Damian Dupuy, MD, a professor of radiology at Brown University who has also
studied cryoablation, tells WebMD that radiation is probably a better option
for most patients.
"Often the cancer has spread to many different sites. Radiation can hit
many sites at once, but if you do cryoablation, you'll have probes all over the
place. The patient will end up looking like a pincushion," he says.
But there is a sizable minority -- nearly 25% -- for whom cryoablation may
prove the better option, Dupuy says.
"That's why we need to do the study," he says.