Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Resistant / Refractory Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Eventual development of resistance to both imatinib and sunitinib is nearly universal. There is no standard therapy when this occurs, and patients should be considered for investigational therapy. Additional oral TKIs are under investigation. For example, in a preliminary case series, nilotinib has shown biological activity, with unknown impact on survival.
Sedation may be considered for comfort.
Patients with advanced cancer or near the end of life may have:
A lot of emotional distress and physical pain.
Difficult and painful breathing.
Confusion (especially when body systems begin to fail).
Sedation can be given to ease these conditions. This is called palliative sedation. Deciding to use palliative sedation may be difficult for the family as well as the patient. The patient and family can get support from the health care team and...
Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.
General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.
Montemurro M, Schöffski P, Reichardt P, et al.: Nilotinib in the treatment of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumours resistant to both imatinib and sunitinib. Eur J Cancer 45 (13): 2293-7, 2009.