Chung P, Warde P (2011).Testicular cancer: Seminoma, search date June 2010. BMJ Clinical Evidence. Available online: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
Cornett PA, Dea TO (2012). Cancer. In SJ McPhee, MA Papadakis, eds., 2012 Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment, 51st ed., pp. 1548–1614. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009). Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Kollmannsberger C, et al. (2010). Evolution in management of testicular seminoma: Population-based outcomes with selective utilization of active therapies. Annals of Oncology. Published online October 6, 2010 (doi:10.1093/annonc/mdq466).
National Cancer Institute (2012). Testicular Cancer Screening PDQ—Patient Version. Available online: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/testicular/patient.