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Thyroid Cancer - References


  1. National Cancer Institute (2012). What You Need to Know About Thyroid Cancer. Available online:

  2. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2013). Thyroid carcinoma. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology, version 1.2013. Available online:

Other Works Consulted

  • American Cancer Society (2013). Cancer Facts and Figures 2013. Atlanta: American Cancer Society. Available online:

  • American Thyroid Association Guidelines Taskforce (2009). Revised American Thyroid Association management guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid, 19(11): 1167–1214. Also available online:

  • Carling T, Udelsman R (2011). Thyroid tumors. In VT DeVita Jr et al., eds., DeVita, Hellman and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 9th ed., pp. 1457–1472. Philadephia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Cooper DS, et al. (2007). The thyroid gland. In DG Gardner, D Shoback, eds., Greenspan's Basic and Clinical Endocrinology, 8th ed., pp. 209–280. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • National Cancer Institute (2013). Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ)—Health Professional Version. Available online:

  • National Cancer Institute (2013). Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ)—Patient Version. Available online:

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: November 14, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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