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Thyroid Cancer - References


  1. National Cancer Institute (2012). What You Need to Know About Thyroid Cancer. Available online:

  2. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2013). Thyroid carcinoma. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology, version 1.2013. Available online:

Other Works Consulted

  • American Cancer Society (2013). Cancer Facts and Figures 2013. Atlanta: American Cancer Society. Available online:

  • American Thyroid Association Guidelines Taskforce (2009). Revised American Thyroid Association management guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid, 19(11): 1167–1214. Also available online:

  • Carling T, Udelsman R (2011). Thyroid tumors. In VT DeVita Jr et al., eds., DeVita, Hellman and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 9th ed., pp. 1457–1472. Philadephia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Cooper DS, et al. (2007). The thyroid gland. In DG Gardner, D Shoback, eds., Greenspan's Basic and Clinical Endocrinology, 8th ed., pp. 209–280. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • National Cancer Institute (2013). Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ)—Health Professional Version. Available online:

  • National Cancer Institute (2013). Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ)—Patient Version. Available online:

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: July 12, 2013
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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