The causes of testicular cancer are not completely
understood. But the following conditions increase the risk of
Undescended testicle. Men with
undescended testicles have the highest risk for developing testicular cancer.
More study is needed to determine how much, if any, the risk decreases after
surgical correction and whether age at the time of surgery is a significant
The main symptom of testicular cancer is swelling or a
painless lump in the scrotum (in or on a testicle). Other symptoms include a
dull ache in the belly or pelvis, pain or a feeling of heaviness in the
testicles, and fluid collection (edema) in the scrotum.
cancer is treated with a combination of surgery,
radiation therapy. The exact treatment depends on the
type and extent of the testicular cancer. Most forms of testicular cancer are
curable when detected early.
Primary Medical Reviewer
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Christopher G. Wood, MD, FACS - Urology, Oncology
Current as of
January 4, 2013
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
January 04, 2013
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