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    Achondrogenesis

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Achondrogenesis is not the name you expected.

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Summary
    Achondrogenesis is a group of rare skeletal dysplasias characterized by extreme shortening of the arms and legs in relation to the trunk abnormal development of ribs, vertebra and other skeletal abnormalities. The health problems associated with these conditions are life-threatening and most affected infants are stillborn or die shortly after birth due to respiratory failure. All types of achondrogenesis are genetic conditions; type IA and type IB, are autosomal recessive disorders, whereas achondrogenesis type II is an autosomal dominant disorder. All types of achondrogenesis are very severe skeletal dysplasias usually detected by prenatal ultrasound examination as early as week 14-17 of gestational age.

    Introduction
    The term achondrogenesis was first used in the medical literature in 1952 by an Italian pathologist named Marco Fraccaro. Achondrogenesis is derived from Greek and means "not producing cartilage." Achondrogenesis belongs to group of skeletal dysplasias, (osteochondrodysplasias), a broad term for a group of disorders characterized by abnormal growth or development of cartilage and bone.

    Resources

    Human Growth Foundation
    997 Glen Cove Avenue
    Suite 5
    Glen Head, NY 11545
    Tel: (516)671-4041
    Fax: (516)671-4055
    Tel: (800)451-6434
    Email: hgf1@hgfound.org
    Internet: http://www.hgfound.org/

    MAGIC Foundation
    6645 W. North Avenue
    Oak Park, IL 60302
    Tel: (708)383-0808
    Fax: (708)383-0899
    Tel: (800)362-4423
    Email: mary@magicfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.magicfoundation.org

    Little People of America, Inc.
    250 El Camino Real Suite 201
    Tustin, CA 92780
    Tel: (714)368-3689
    Fax: (714)368-3367
    Tel: (888)572-2001
    Email: info@lpaonline.org
    Internet: http://www.lpaonline.org/

    Restricted Growth Association
    PO Box 5137
    Yeovil, BA20 9FF
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 03001111970
    Fax: 03001112454
    Email: office@restrictedgrowth.co.uk
    Internet: http://www.restrictedgrowth.co.uk

    Coalition for Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue (CHDCT)
    4301 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 404
    Washington, DC 20008
    Tel: (202)362-9599
    Fax: (202)966-8553
    Tel: (800)778-7171
    Email: chdct@pxe.org
    Internet: http://www.chdct2.org/

    Compassionate Friends - Supporting Family After A Child Dies
    900 Jorie Blvd
    Suite 78
    Oak Brook, IL 60523
    Tel: (630)990-0010
    Fax: (630)990-0246
    Tel: (877)969-0010
    Email: nationaloffice@compassionatefriends.org
    Internet: http://www.compassionatefriends.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    European Skeletal Dysplasia Network
    Institute of Genetic Medicine
    Newcastle University
    International Centre for Life
    Central Parkway
    Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 3BZ
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 441612755642
    Fax: 441612755082
    Email: info@esdn.org
    Internet: http://www.esdn.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 5/7/2014
    Copyright 1992, 1999, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2014 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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