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    Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • Tetrasomy 9p
    • Tetrasomy, Short Arm of Chromosome 9
    • Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p Mosaicism
    • Mosaic Tetrasomy 9p

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p is a very rare chromosomal disorder in which the short arm of the ninth chromosome (9p) appears four times (tetrasomy) rather than twice in all or some cells of the body. Individuals with a normal chromosomal make-up (karyotype) have two 9th chromosomes, both of which have a short arm ("9p") and a long arm ("9q"). However, in individuals with Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p, four short arms (9ps) are present in cells rather than the normal two.

    The symptoms of Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p may vary greatly in range and severity from case to case. Associated abnormalities may include mild growth retardation, moderate to severe delay in the attainment of skills requiring the coordination of muscular and mental activities (psychomotor retardation), and/or moderate to severe mental retardation. In addition, the disorder may be characterized by various physical abnormalities, such as malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region, abnormalities of the hands and fingers, skeletal malformations, and/or heart (cardiac) defects. Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p appears to result from spontaneous (de novo) errors very early in embryonic development that occur for unknown reasons (sporadically).

    Resources

    Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders
    2982 S. Union Street
    Rochester, NY 14624-1926
    Fax: (585)594-1957
    Tel: (800)716-7638
    Email: barbv@trisomy.org
    Internet: http://www.trisomy.org

    Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.
    P.O. Box 724
    Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
    USA
    Tel: (561)395-4252
    Fax: (561)395-4252
    Email: info@chromodisorder.org
    Internet: http://www.chromodisorder.org/CDO/

    Trisomy 9 International Parent Support (9TIPS)
    4027 E. Piedmont Drive
    Highland, CA 92346
    USA
    Tel: (909)862-4470
    Email: atoddna@sprynet.com
    Internet: http://www.trisomy9.org/9tips.htm

    American Heart Association
    7272 Greenville Avenue
    Dallas, TX 75231
    Tel: (214)784-7212
    Fax: (214)784-1307
    Tel: (800)242-8721
    Email: Review.personal.info@heart.org
    Internet: http://www.heart.org

    UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
    P.O. Box 2189
    Caterham
    Surrey, CR3 5GN
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 4401883330766
    Fax: 4401883330766
    Email: info@rarechromo.org
    Internet: http://www.rarechromo.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 5/27/2008
    Copyright 1995, 1996, 2001 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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