It is possible that the main title of the report Sly Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Beta-Glucuronidase Deficiency
- MPS Disorder, type VII
- MPS VII
- mucopolysaccharidosis type VII
- GUSB deficiency
Mucopolysaccharidoses, which are also known as mucopolysaccharide storage (MPS) diseases, are a group of rare genetic disorders caused by the deficiency of one of ten specific lysosomal enzymes. The lysosomes are particles bound in membranes within cells that break down certain fats and carbohydrates (mucopolysaccharides) into simpler molecules. The accumulation of these large, undegraded mucopolysaccharides in the cells of the body causes a number of physical symptoms and abnormalities.
Sly syndrome (MPS-VII) is an MPS storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme beta-glucuronidase that leads to an accumulation of dermatan sulfate (DS), heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) in many tissues and organs of the body including the central nervous system.
The clinical features of Sly syndrome vary from patient to patient, but all have short stature due to growth retardation, changes in bones visible on X-rays and some degree of mental retardation. Survival into adulthood is common with milder cases and osteoarthritis is a common complication.
The symptoms of Sly Syndrome are similar to those of Hurler Syndrome (MPS I) and the other Mucopolysaccharidoses. Symptoms may include mental retardation, short stature with an unusually short trunk, and/or abnormalities of the intestines, corneas of the eyes, and/or the skeletal system. Sly Syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic trait.
Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases (CLIMB)
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, Intl CW2 6BG
Tel: 0845 241 2174
Tel: 800 652 3181
Vaincre Les Maladies Lysosomales
2 Ter Avenue
Tel: 01 69 75 40 30
Fax: 01 60 11 15 83
1660 L Street, NW, Suite 301
Washington, DC 20036
National MPS Society, Inc.
PO Box 14686
Durham, NC 27709
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
Society for Mucopolysaccharide Diseases
White Lion Road
Buckinghamshire, HP7 9LP.
Tel: 004401494 434156
Fax: 004401494 434252
Canadian Society for Mucopolysaccharide and Related Diseases, Inc.
PO Box 30034
British Columbia, Intl V7H 2Y8
Tel: (604) 924-5130
Fax: (604) 924-5131
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Hide & Seek Foundation for Lysosomal Disease Research
6475 East Pacific Coast Highway Suite 466
Long Beach, CA 90803