The common cold makes most people feel miserable for a few days, but then goes away on its own. However, for people with chronic medical conditions, catching a cold is more likely to lead to serious health problems. Here's a look at some of those conditions and how they can be aggravated by a cold.
Holiday season is upon us again. As you send out the invitations and plan
the menu for your holiday party, remember that there is one guest you
definitely do not want on your guest list: swine
You might have considered canceling your holiday festivities out of fear of
H1N1. However, our flu
etiquette experts say that if you're still going about your regular business --
going to work, movies, and religious services -- there is no reason to cancel
your holiday plans.
"It's not as though...
Asthma, a chronic lung disease, affects an estimated 25 million Americans. The common cold can worsen asthma symptoms, making it more difficult to breathe. In addition, certain medications, such as antihistamines, can thicken mucus, making it harder to cough up for those with asthma.
For people with heart disease, catching a cold poses a potential danger. While the cold itself usually isn't a danger, cold complications such as lung infections make it difficult to take in oxygen as efficiently as a person should. This makes the heart work even harder to pump oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. This extra demand on the heart can be quite serious for those with heart disease and colds.
Diabetes makes it more difficult to ward off cold viruses. In addition, colds add extra stress to the body, which can affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Keeping blood sugar levels balanced is important for staying well with diabetes.
Emphysema and chronic bronchitis affect about 15 million adults in the U.S. according to the Centers for Disease Control. Both medical conditions, which are usually caused by long-term smoking, are marked by obstruction to airflow that interferes with breathing. Symptoms of emphysema and chronic bronchitis worsen with the common cold.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) kills or damages cells in the body's immune system, making it more difficult to fight infections such as the cold virus. People with HIV/AIDS are also more likely to get cold complications such as pneumonia.