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Cold, Flu, & Cough Health Center

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Common Cold: Too Sick to Work?

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You wake up in the morning and you're not feeling so great. Maybe sneezing is your No. 1 problem. Or you've got a doozy of a headache. Whatever is bothering you, you've got a decision to make: Stay home or head to work?

Take stock of your symptoms and see if they meet this commonsense standard for calling in sick:

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Is swine flu, or H1N1 flu, back on campus? What if it strikes you, your roommate, or someone in your class? Before you brush it off as hype, keep in mind that young adults, even healthy ones, are one of the high-risk groups for a bad case of swine flu. Although most cases haven't been severe, there have been deaths, affecting young adults more than you might expect. Here are 12 tips for dealing with swine flu on campus. 1. Sick? Just stay home. From classes. From games. From the parties that,...

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Sniffling

If you've the sniffles, but you're not achy or feverish and feel fine otherwise, you probably have allergies. It's OK to go to work.

You can turn to several over-the-counter medicines to treat mild allergies. But keep in mind that some medications, such as diphenhydramine or chlorpheniramine, can make you sleepy. Drugs with less of this side effect include loratidine and cetirizine.

If your hay fever is severe or doesn't get better with antihistamines, you might want to see an allergist. He can do tests to find out what's triggering the problem. He may recommend allergy shots to reduce your symptoms.

For in-depth information, see Allergy or Cold Symptoms?

Chills and Sweats

If your clothes are getting drenched, you most likely have a fever. Make sure you drink plenty of liquids. Consider seeing your doctor, especially if your temperature is over 102 degrees F. That could be a sign that you have the flu. Stay away from work -- and friends -- until you feel better.

If you have a fever plus white patches on your tonsils, you may have strep throat. It's highly contagious and you may need an antibiotic. Call your doctor for a test that can confirm the diagnosis.

For in-depth information, see Sore Throat: Cold, Strep Throat, or Tonsillitis?

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