Skip to content

    Cold, Flu, & Cough Health Center

    Select An Article

    How to Prevent the Flu

    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    If you don’t make an effort to prevent it, odds are that you’ll catch the flu this season.

    For most of us it means a couple of weeks out of work or school, then life goes back to normal. But the flu can be serious, even deadly, if you have a health condition like asthma, heart disease, diabetes, or a weakened immune system.

    Recommended Related to Cold & Flu

    Natural Cold Remedies: What to Know

    Finding a cure for the common cold has proved harder than paddling across the Pacific in a rowboat. Experts say that's because colds can be caused by more than 200 different viruses. There may be no sure way to stop one in its tracks, but some things may work better than others to make you feel better.

    Read the Natural Cold Remedies: What to Know article > >

    The trick is not to get sick in the first place. Here are proven ways to avoid the flu.

    Get Vaccinated

    Experts say the single best way to avoid the flu is to get the flu shot as soon as you can. The ideal time is early fall. But any time during the winter is fine if you haven't already done it.

    The vaccine is designed to protect against the flu strains health experts believe will be most widespread each season -- for example, the H1N1 "swine flu." Some vaccines work against three flu strains -- you might hear them called trivalent. Others guard against four strains -- doctors will call them quadrivalent.

    Know the Vaccine Types

    The flu "shot" contains a dead virus. One kind that’s approved for people 6 months and older goes straight into the muscle. Another uses a smaller needle that only goes into the top layer of your skin. It's available for people aged 18 to 64.

    The nasal spray, FluMist , contains a live but weakened form of the virus. It's approved for anyone between 2 and 49 who’s healthy and not pregnant.

    Egg-free vaccines are for people between 18 and 49 who have severe egg allergies.

    Fluzone is a high-dose version for those 65 and older. It’s better at protecting an older person's immune system.

    Don't make excuses for skipping your flu shot. Your arm might be a little sore the next day. And you may feel a little achy or run a low fever afterward. But you can't catch the flu from the vaccine. It contains a weakened or killed form of the virus.

    Build a Germ Barrier

    It’s easy to catch the flu. When a nearby sick person sneezes or coughs, they send out a spray of virus-laden droplets straight to your open mouth or nose.

    1 | 2 | 3
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    hot toddy
    15 tips to help you feel better.
    man sneezing into elbow
    Do echinacea and vitamin C really help a cold?
     
    teen girl coughing
    Get a good night’s rest with these remedies.
    elder berry
    Eat these to fight colds, flu, and more.
     
    Natural Cold Flu Remedies Slideshow
    Slideshow
    cold weather
    VIDEO
     
    Allergy And Sinus Symptom Evaluator
    Article
    Boy holding ear
    Slideshow
     
    woman receiving vaccine shot
    Article
    woman with fever
    Article
     
    Waking up from sleep
    Article
    woman with sore throat
    Slideshow