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    Cold, Flu, & Cough Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Cold & Flu

    1. Ear Infections - Other Treatment

      If a child with an ear infection has a bad earache, a doctor may perform tympanocentesis. A needle goes through the eardrum to remove fluid from behind the eardrum. It helps ease pain. The fluid is sometimes sent to a lab for testing.

    2. Ear Infections - Exams and Tests

      Middle ear infections are usually diagnosed using a health history, a physical exam, and an ear exam. With a middle ear infection, the eardrum, when seen through a pneumatic otoscope, is red or yellow and bulging. In the case of fluid buildup without infe

    3. Topic Overview

      What is bird flu?Bird flu is an infection caused by a type of avian influenza virus. This virus is common in wild birds. Most of the time, wild birds do not get sick from the virus. But wild birds can easily pass the virus to birds that are being raised for food-such as chickens, ducks, and turkeys-and cause them to get very sick.Usually, bird flu virus is not passed from birds to people. But ...

    4. Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) - Prevention

      There is no sure way to prevent a cough. To help reduce your risk, wash your hands frequently during the cold and flu season.

    5. Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 11 and Younger - Topic Overview

      An ear infection may sometimes cause a temporary or reversible hearing loss. This generally occurs because the infection blocks sound from passing through the ear canal or middle ear to the inner ear. When sound is blocked like this,it is known as conductive hearing loss. You may hear sounds as muffled or indistinct. See a picture of the ear. Types of infection that may cause temporary or ...

    6. Endoscopic Surgery for Sinusitis

      In endoscopic sinus surgery, an endoscope is inserted into the nose, providing the doctor with an inside view of the sinuses.

    7. Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) - Topic Overview

      What is laryngitis?Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box, or larynx (say LAIR-inks), that causes your voice to become raspy or hoarse. Laryngitis can be short-term or long-lasting (chronic). Most of the time, it comes on quickly and lasts no more than 2 weeks. Chronic symptoms are those that last 2 weeks or longer. Check with your doctor if your symptoms last longer than 2 weeks. Your laryngitis may be caused by more severe problems.What causes laryngitis?Laryngitis can be caused by:Colds or the flu. This is the most common cause. Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Overuse of your voice, such as cheering at a sports event. Irritation, such as from allergies or smoke.Use of inhaled steroid medicines (such as those used to treat asthma). Problems with the way you talk or sing.Acid reflux is the most common cause of chronic laryngitis. But chronic laryngitis may be caused by more severe problems such as nerve damage, sores, polyps, cancer, or hard

    8. Endoscopic Sinus Exam for Sinusitis

      An endoscopic sinus exam allows the doctor to see all the structures inside the nose and the sinuses.Before inserting the endoscope, the passages inside the nose are opened up with a decongestant medication and numbed with an anesthetic. The endoscope is guided up through a nostril and into the sinus opening, but it is not able to be inserted into the sinus itself.The test is usually done by an ..

    9. Tympanometry in Ear Infections (Otitis Media)

      Tympanometry tests the movement of the eardrum when an ear infection or other middle ear problem is suspected. A doctor places the tip of a hand - held tool into the child's ear. The tool changes the air pressure inside the ear and produces a clear tone. Then, the tool measures how the eardrum responds to the pressure and the sound. The results of this test are used to help figure out what is goin

    10. Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) - Frequently Asked Questions

      Learning about laryngitis:What is laryngitis?What can I do if acid reflux (GERD) is causing my laryngitis?Being diagnosed:What is laryngoscopy?

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