Coping With Cancer
A diagnosis of cancer can be overwhelming. WebMD has tips for coping and for making preparations to ensure your medical wishes are honored.
Colorectal Cancer Glossary of Terms
WebMD provides a glossary of medical terms related to colorectal cancer.
Colorectal Cancer: Personal Stories
Personal stories about colorectal cancer.
Find out from WebMD what happens before, during, and after a colonoscopy, a test that examines your rectum and lower bowel for abnormalities.
Monoclonal Antibodies for Treating Colorectal Cancer
WebMD explains the use of monoclonal antibodies to treat advanced colorectal cancer, including side effects.
Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - To Learn More About Rectal Cancer
For more information from the National Cancer Institute about rectal cancer, see the following:Colon and Rectal Cancer Home PageWhat You Need to Know About™ Cancer of the Colon and RectumColorectal Cancer PreventionColorectal Cancer ScreeningTests to Detect Colorectal Cancer and PolypsUnusual Cancers of ChildhoodCryosurgery in Cancer Treatment: Questions and AnswersDrugs Approved for Rectal CancerTargeted Cancer TherapiesUnderstanding Cancer Series: Targeted Therapies(Advances in Targeted Therapies)Genetic Testing for Hereditary Cancer SyndromesFor general cancer information and other resources from the National Cancer Institute, see the following:What You Need to Know About™ CancerUnderstanding Cancer Series: CancerCancer StagingChemotherapy and You: Support for People With CancerRadiation Therapy and You: Support for People With CancerCoping with Cancer: Supportive and Palliative CareQuestions to Ask Your Doctor About CancerCancer LibraryInformation For
Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage I Colon Cancer Treatment
Because of its localized nature, stage I colon cancer has a high cure rate.Standard Treatment Options for Stage I Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage I colon cancer include the following:Wide surgical resection and anastomosis.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer was examined in a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (NCCTG-934653, now closed) comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) with open colectomy.Three-year recurrence rates and 3-year overall survival rates were similar in the two groups. (Refer to the Primary Surgical Therapy section in the Treatment Option Overview section of this summary for more information.)The quality-of-life component of this trial has been published and minimal short-term quality-of-life benefits with LAC were reported.[Level of evidence: 1iiC]Current Clinical TrialsCheck for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials
Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage IV and Recurrent Rectal Cancer
Treatment options for local control:Resection of locally recurrent rectal cancer may be curative in selected patients.Palliative surgical resection with either low-anterior resection (LAR) or abdominoperineal resection (APR). Palliative radiation therapy.[2,3]Palliative chemotherapy.[4,5,6,7,8,9,10]Palliative chemoradiation.[11,12]Chemotherapy alone for local control.Palliative, endoscopic-placed stents to relieve obstruction.Treatment options for systemic control:Resection of liver metastases in selected patients (5-year cure rate with resection of solitary metastases exceeds 20%).[14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23]Resection of isolated pulmonary or ovarian metastases.Systemic chemotherapy (see below).Clinical trials evaluating new drugs.Metastatic Rectal CancerTreatment of patients with recurrent or advanced colorectal cancer depends on the location of the disease. For patients with locally
Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Significance
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignant neoplasm worldwide  and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. It is estimated that there will be 142,820 new cases diagnosed in the United States in 2013 and 50,830 deaths due to this disease. From 2005 to 2009, CRC incidence declined by 4.1% per year among adults aged 50 years and older. However, in adults younger than 50 years, CRC incidence rates have been increasing by 1.1% per year. From 2005 to 2009, mortality from CRC declined by 2.4% per year in men and 3.1% per year in women. The incidence is higher in men than in women. It ranges from 46.1 per 100,000 per year in Hispanic men to 66.9 per 100,000 per year in African American men. In women, it ranges from 31.9 per 100,000 per year in Hispanics to 50.3 per 100,000 per year in African Americans. The age-adjusted mortality rates for men and women are 20.2 per 100,000 per year in men and 14.1 per 100,000 per year in women. About 5%
Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage IV and Recurrent Colon Cancer Treatment
Stage IV colon cancer denotes distant metastatic disease. Treatment of recurrent colon cancer depends on the sites of recurrent disease demonstrable by physical examination and/or radiographic studies. In addition to standard radiographic procedures, radioimmunoscintography may add clinical information that may affect management. Such approaches have not led to improvements in long-term outcome measures such as survival.Treatment Options for Stage IV and Recurrent Colon CancerTreatment options for stage IV and recurrent colon cancer include the following:Surgical resection of locally recurrent cancer.Surgical resection and anastomosis or bypass of obstructing or bleeding primary lesions in selected metastatic cases.Resection of liver metastases in selected metastatic patients (5-year cure rate for resection of solitary or combination metastases exceeds 20%) or ablation in selected