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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

  1. Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for patients with colon cancer. Different types of treatment are available for patients with colon cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. Before starting treatment,patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. A treatment clinical trial is a research study ...

  2. Stage I Colon Cancer Treatment

    Because of its localized nature, stage I colon cancer has a high cure rate.Standard Treatment Options for Stage I Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage I colon cancer include the following:Wide surgical resection and anastomosis.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer was examined in a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (NCCTG-934653, now closed) comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) with open colectomy.Three-year recurrence rates and 3-year overall survival rates were similar in the two groups. (Refer to the Primary Surgical Therapy section in the Treatment Option Overview section of this summary for more information.)The quality-of-life component of this trial has been published and minimal short-term quality-of-life benefits with LAC were reported.[5][Level of evidence: 1iiC]Current Clinical TrialsCheck for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials

  3. To Learn More About Colon Cancer

    Find more information from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) about colon cancer.

  4. Stage IIIB Anal Cancer

    The presence of inguinal nodes that are involved with metastatic disease (unilateral or bilateral) is a poor prognostic sign,although cure of this stage of disease is possible. Because of the poor prognosis associated with this stage,patients should be included in clinical trials whenever possible. Information about ongoing clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site. STANDARD ...

  5. Stage III Colon Cancer Treatment

    Stage III colon cancer denotes lymph node involvement. Studies have indicated that the number of lymph nodes involved affects prognosis; patients with one to three involved nodes have a significantly better survival than those with four or more involved nodes.Standard Treatment Options for Stage III Colon CancerStandard treatment options for stage III colon cancer include the following:Surgery.Adjuvant chemotherapy.SurgerySurgery for stage III colon cancer is wide surgical resection and anastomosis.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer was examined in a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (NCCTG-934653, now closed) comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) with open colectomy.Three-year recurrence rates and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were similar in the two groups. (Refer to the Primary Surgical Therapy section in the Treatment Option Overview section of this summary for more

  6. General Information About Colorectal Cancer

    Colorectal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon or the rectum. The colon and rectum are parts of the body's digestive system. The digestive system removes and processes nutrients (vitamins,minerals,carbohydrates,fats,proteins,and water) from foods and helps pass waste material out of the body. The digestive system is made up of the mouth,...

  7. Stage Information for Rectal Cancer

    Treatment decisions should be made with reference to the TNM classification system,[ 1 ] rather than the older Dukes or the Modified Astler-Coller (MAC) classification schema. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and a National Cancer Institute-sponsored panel recommended that at least 12 lymph nodes be examined in patients with colon and rectal cancer to confirm the absence of nodal ...

  8. Stage II Colon Cancer Treatment

    Standard Treatment Options for Stage II Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage II colon cancer include the following:Wide surgical resection and anastomosis.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer was examined in a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (NCCTG-934653, now closed) comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) to open colectomy.Three-year recurrence rates and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were similar in the two groups. (Refer to the Primary Surgical Therapy section in the Treatment Option Overview section of this summary for more information.)The quality-of-life component of this trial has been published and minimal short-term quality-of-life benefits with LAC were reported.[4][Level of evidence: 1iiC]Treatment Options Under Clinical EvaluationAdjuvant chemotherapyThe potential value of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage II colon cancer remains

  9. Get More Information From NCI

    National Cancer Institute for more cancer information.

  10. Colorectal Cancer - Topic Overview

    Is this topic for you? This topic provides information about the initial testing, diagnosis, and treatment of colorectal cancer. If you are looking for information on colorectal cancer that has come back or has spread to other parts of the body, see the t

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