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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

  1. Stage IIIB Anal Cancer

    The presence of inguinal nodes that are involved with metastatic disease (unilateral or bilateral) is a poor prognostic sign,although cure of this stage of disease is possible. Because of the poor prognosis associated with this stage,patients should be included in clinical trials whenever possible. Information about ongoing clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site. STANDARD ...

  2. Get More Information From NCI

    National Cancer Institute for more cancer information.

  3. Changes to This Summary (07 / 19 / 2012)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above. Editorial changes were made to this summary.

  4. Recurrent Colon Cancer

    Recurrent colon cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the colon or in other parts of the body,such as the liver,lungs,or both. ...

  5. Stage 0 Rectal Cancer

    Stage 0 rectal cancer is the most superficial of all rectal lesions and is limited to the mucosa without invasion of the lamina propria. Because of its superficial nature, surgical and other procedures may be limited. Standard treatment options:Local excision or simple polypectomy.[1]Full-thickness rectal resection by the transanal or transcoccygeal route for large lesions not amenable to local excision.Endocavitary radiation therapy.[2,3,4]Local radiation therapy.[2]Current Clinical TrialsCheck for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage 0 rectal cancer. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.References: Bailey HR, Huval WV, Max E, et al.: Local excision of carcinoma of the rectum for cure. Surgery 111 (5): 555-61, 1992. Kodner IJ, Gilley MT, Shemesh EI, et al.: Radiation

  6. Treatment Options for Colon Cancer

    Stage 0 Colon Cancer (Carcinoma in Situ) Treatment of stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) may include the following types of surgery: Local excision or simple polypectomy. Resection/anastomosis. This is done when the cancerous tissue is too large to remove by local excision. Stage I Colon Cancer Treatment of stage I colon cancer is usually resection/anastomosis. Stage II Colon Cancer Treatment of ...

  7. Risks of Colorectal Cancer Screening

    Screening tests have risks. Decisions about screening tests can be difficult. Not all screening tests are helpful and most have risks. Before having any screening test,you may want to discuss the test with your doctor. It is important to know the risks of the test and whether it has been proven to reduce the risk of dying from cancer. The risks of colorectal cancer screening tests include ...

  8. Get More Information From NCI

    National Cancer Institute for more cancer information.

  9. Stage IV and Recurrent Colon Cancer Treatment

    Stage IV colon cancer denotes distant metastatic disease. Treatment of recurrent colon cancer depends on the sites of recurrent disease demonstrable by physical examination and/or radiographic studies. In addition to standard radiographic procedures, radioimmunoscintography may add clinical information that may affect management.[1] Such approaches have not led to improvements in long-term outcome measures such as survival.Treatment Options for Stage IV and Recurrent Colon CancerTreatment options for stage IV and recurrent colon cancer include the following:Surgical resection of locally recurrent cancer.Surgical resection and anastomosis or bypass of obstructing or bleeding primary lesions in selected metastatic cases.Resection of liver metastases in selected metastatic patients (5-year cure rate for resection of solitary or combination metastases exceeds 20%) or ablation in selected

  10. Stage IIIA Anal Cancer

    Stage IIIA anal cancer presents clinically as stage II in most instances and is determined to be IIIA by clinically evident perirectal nodal disease or adjacent organ involvement. Endorectal or endoanal ultrasound may aid in pretreatment staging. STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: Treatment as for stage I and II disease,using radiation therapy plus chemotherapy.[ 1,2 ] Radical resection is reserved ...

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