Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up
Rebif (with albumin) subcutaneous

Interactions

Theophyllines/Interferon

This information is generalized and not intended as specific medical advice. Consult your healthcare professional before taking or discontinuing any drug or commencing any course of treatment.

Medical warning:

Moderate. These medicines may cause some risk when taken together. Contact your healthcare professional (e.g. doctor or pharmacist) for more information.

How the interaction occurs:

Interferons may slow down how quickly your liver processes theophylline type medicines.

What might happen:

The amount of theophylline in your blood may increase and cause toxic side effects, which may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, nervousness, agitation, headache, fast and/or irregular heartbeat, or seizures.

What you should do about this interaction:

Make sure that your healthcare professionals (e.g. doctor or pharmacist) know that you are taking these medicines together. Your doctor may want to check the amount of theophylline in your blood more often while you are taking interferon and for a while after you stop taking interferon. Your doctor may need to change the amount of theophylline that you take while you you are taking interferon.If you experience any loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, nervousness, agitation, headache, fast and/or irregular heartbeat, or seizures, contact your doctor right away.Your healthcare professionals may already be aware of this interaction and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

References:

1.Williams SJ, Baird-Lambert JA, Farrell GC. Inhibition of theophylline metabolism by interferon. Lancet 1987 Oct 24;2(8565):939-41.

2.Jonkman JH, Nicholson KG, Farrow PR, Eckert M, Grasmeijer G, Oosterhuis B, De Noord OE, Guentert TW. Effects of alpha-interferon on theophylline pharmacokinetics and metabolism. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1989 Jun; 27(6):795-802.

3.Pegasys 135 PFS (interferon alfa-2a) UK summary of product characteristics. Roche Products Limited June 20, 2002.

4.Pegasys (peginterferon alfa-2a) US prescribing information. Roche Pharmaceuticals February, 2011.

5.Intron A (interfeon alfa-2b) US prescribing information. Schering Corporation December, 2011.

6.Okuno H, Takasu M, Kano H, Seki T, Shiozaki Y, Inoue K. Depression of drug-metabolizing activity in the human liver by interferon-beta. Hepatology 1993 Jan;17(1):65-9.

7.Wittayalertpanya S, Mahachai V. Caffeine clearance in patients with chronic viral hepatitis: before and after interferon therapy. J Med Assoc Thai 2001 Jun;84 Suppl 1:S189-96.

Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, expect as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.

More about Drugs and Medications

Newsletters

Subscribe to free WebMD newsletters.

  • WebMD Daily

    WebMD Daily

    Subscribe to the WebMD Daily, and you'll get today's top health news and trending topics, and the latest and best information from WebMD.

  • Men's Health

    Men's Health

    Subscribe to the Men's Health newsletter for the latest on disease prevention, fitness, sex, nutrition, and more from WebMD.

  • Women's Health

    Women's Health

    Subscribe to the Women's Health newsletter for the latest on disease prevention, fitness, sex, diet, anti-aging, and more from WebMD.

By clicking Submit, I agree to the WebMD Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy

URAC: Accredited Health Web Site TRUSTe online privacy certification HONcode Seal AdChoices