scopolamine transdermal Warnings
scopolamine transdermal Uses
This skin patch is used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness or recovery from anesthesia and surgery. This medication works by correcting the imbalance of natural substances (acetylcholine and norepinephrine) that can occur in motion sickness. It also blocks certain signals to the brain that can cause nausea and vomiting.
This medication is not recommended for use in children.How to use scopolamine transdermal
Peel off the clear backing from the patch and apply it to a clean, dry, hairless area of the skin behind the ear. Press firmly for at least 30 seconds to make sure the patch sticks well, especially around the edges. The patch will slowly release the medication into your body over 3 days. Do not use the patch if it is broken, cut, or damaged.
If you are using the patch to prevent nausea and vomiting from motion sickness, apply the patch as directed by your doctor, usually at least 4 hours before the activity that causes motion sickness. Replace the patch every 3 days until it is no longer needed.
If you are using the patch to prevent nausea and vomiting after surgery, apply the patch as directed by your doctor, usually the evening before surgery. If the surgery is for a cesarean section, then the patch is usually applied 1 hour before the procedure to reduce the baby's exposure to the drug. Remove and throw away the patch as directed by your doctor, usually 24 hours after surgery.
If the patch comes off or needs to be replaced, throw away the old patch and place a new one behind the other ear, on a clean, dry, hairless area. Use only one patch at a time. When throwing away the old patch, fold it in half with the sticky side together and throw away in the trash away from children and pets.
This medication can cause temporary blurred vision and widened pupils if it comes in contact with the eyes. Therefore, after handling the patch, always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Also wash the area behind the ear where the patch was removed.
After stopping this medication, you may experience dizziness, loss of balance, nausea/vomiting, headache, muscle weakness, or slow heartbeat. If these effects occur, they usually appear 24 hours or more after you stop this medication. This is a result of your body adjusting to being off the medication. Report any such reactions to your doctor right away.
Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
scopolamine transdermal Side Effects
Blurred vision and widened pupils may occur as your body adjusts to the medication. Dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness, decreased sweating, constipation, and mild itching/redness on application site may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
To relieve dry mouth, suck (sugarless) hard candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva substitute.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Remove the patch and tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: mental/mood changes (such as confusion, agitation), difficulty urinating, eye problems (pain/pressure/reddening of the eyes along with widened pupils), fast/irregular heartbeat.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
scopolamine transdermal Precautions
Before using scopolamine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other belladonna alkaloids (such as atropine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, emphysema), high pressure in the eye (glaucoma), heart disease, high blood pressure, seizures, stomach/intestine/esophagus problems (such as ulcers, blockage, GERD), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for example, due to enlarged prostate), mental/mood disorders (such as psychosis, anxiety), kidney disease, liver disease, myasthenia gravis, uncontrolled pain.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, participate in underwater activities, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
If you are going to have an MRI test, tell testing personnel that you are using this patch. Some patches may contain metals that can cause serious burns during an MRI. Ask your doctor whether you will need to remove your patch before the test and apply a new patch afterward, and how to do so properly.
This medication may decrease your ability to sweat, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid activities that may cause you to overheat (such as doing strenuous work/exercise in hot weather, using hot tubs). When the weather is hot, drink plenty of fluids and dress lightly. If you become overheated, promptly seek cooler shelter and stop exercising. Get medical help right away if you develop a fever, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness and drowsiness.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
scopolamine transdermal Interactions
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Some products that may interact with this drug include: potassium tablets/capsules, pramlintide.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness including alcohol, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.
This medication may interfere with a certain laboratory tests (such as gastric secretion test), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.
scopolamine transdermal Overdose
This medication patch may be harmful if chewed or swallowed. If overdose or swallowing is suspected, remove the patch if possible, and contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness, mental/mood changes (confusion, hallucinations), fast/irregular heartbeat, seizures, hot/dry skin.NOTES:
Do not share this medication with others.MISSED DOSE:
If you forget to replace a patch at the scheduled time, replace it as soon as you remember. Do not use more than one patch at a time.STORAGE:
Store at room temperature. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.