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    Retinoblastoma

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Retinoblastoma is not the name you expected.

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Retinoblastoma is an extremely rare malignant tumor that develops in the nerve-rich layers that line the back of the eyes (retina). The retina is a thin layer of nerve cells that sense light and convert it into nerve signals, which are then relayed to brain through the optic nerve. Retinoblastoma occurs most commonly in children under the age of three. The most typical finding associated with retinoblastoma is the reflection of light off a tumor behind the lens of the eye, which causes the pupil to appear white, the so called "cat's eye reflex" (leukokoria). In addition, the eyes may be misaligned so that they appear crossed (strabismus). In some affected children, the eye(s) may become red and/or painful. The presence of a retinoblastoma may cause glaucoma, a condition marked by a rise in the pressure within the eyeball preventing the normal drainage of fluid from the eye and potentially causing characteristic damage to the optic nerve. Retinoblastoma may affect one eye (unilateral) or both eyes (bilateral). Bilateral forms of retinoblastoma are hereditary. In most cases, retinoblastoma occurs spontaneously for no apparent reason (sporadic).

    Resources

    American Childhood Cancer Organization
    10920 Connecticut Ave
    Suite A
    Kensington, MD 20895
    Tel: (301)962-3520
    Fax: (301)962-3521
    Tel: (800)366-2223
    Email: staff@acco.org
    Internet: http://www.candlelighters.org

    American Cancer Society, Inc.
    250 Williams NW St
    Ste 6000
    Atlanta, GA 30303
    USA
    Tel: (404)320-3333
    Tel: (800)227-2345
    TDD: (866)228-4327
    Internet: http://www.cancer.org

    NIH/National Eye Institute
    31 Center Dr
    MSC 2510
    Bethesda, MD 20892-2510
    United States
    Tel: (301)496-5248
    Fax: (301)402-1065
    Email: 2020@nei.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.nei.nih.gov/

    National Cancer Institute
    6116 Executive Blvd Suite 300
    Bethesda, MD 20892-8322
    USA
    Tel: (301)435-3848
    Tel: (800)422-6237
    TDD: (800)332-8615
    Email: cancergovstaff@mail.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.cancer.gov

    Institute for Families
    4650 Sunset Blvd Mail stop 111
    Los Angeles, CA 90027
    USA
    Tel: (323)361-4649
    Fax: (323)665-7869
    Email: info@instituteforfamilies.org
    Internet: http://www.instituteforfamilies.org

    CureSearch for Children's Cancer
    4600 East West Highway, Suite 600
    Bethesda, MD 20814-3457
    USA
    Tel: (626)447-1674
    Fax: (626)447-6359
    Tel: (800)458-6223
    Email: info@curesearch.org
    Internet: http://www.curesearch.org

    Eye Cancer Network
    115 East 61st St, 5th Floor
    New York, NY 10021
    Tel: (212)832-8170
    Fax: (212)888-4030
    Email: pfinger@eyecancer.com
    Internet: http://www.eyecancer.com

    Rare Cancer Alliance
    1649 North Pacana Way
    Green Valley, AZ 85614
    USA
    Internet: http://www.rare-cancer.org

    Eye Cancer Foundation
    115 East 61st Street, Suite 5B
    New York, NY 10021
    Tel: (212)832-7297
    Fax: (212)888-4030
    Email: contactus@eyecarefoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.eyecarefoundation.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    Friends of Cancer Research
    1800 M Street NW
    Suite 1050 South
    Washington, DC 22202
    Tel: (202)944-6700
    Email: info@focr.org
    Internet: http://www.focr.org

    Cancer.Net
    American Society of Clinical Oncology
    2318 Mill Road Suite 800
    Alexandria, VA 22314
    Tel: (571)483-1780
    Fax: (571)366-9537
    Tel: (888)651-3038
    Email: contactus@cancer.net
    Internet: http://www.cancer.net/

    Cancer Support Community
    1050 17th St NW Suite 500
    Washington, DC 20036
    Tel: (202)659-9709
    Fax: (202)974-7999
    Tel: (888)793-9355
    Internet: http://www.cancersupportcommunity.org/

    Lance Armstrong Foundation
    2201 E. Sixth Street
    Austin, TX 78702
    Tel: (512)236-8820
    Fax: (512)236-8482
    Tel: (877)236-8820
    Email: media@livestrong.org
    Internet: http://www.livestrong.org

    Perkins School for the Blind
    175 North Beacon Street
    Watertown, MA 02472
    Tel: (617)924-3434
    Fax: (617)926-2027
    Email: Info@Perkins.org
    Internet: http://www.Perkins.org

    Childhood Eye Cancer Trust
    The Royal London Hospital
    Whitechapel Road
    London, E1 1BB
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 02073775578
    Email: info@chect.org.uk
    Internet: http://www.chect.org.uk

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 4/14/2008
    Copyright 1986, 1987, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2008 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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