During the scan, a camera takes pictures of the heart after a special test medicine (radioactive tracer) is given through an IV. The tracer travels through the blood and into the heart muscle. As the tracer moves through the heart muscle, areas that have good blood flow absorb the tracer. Areas that do not absorb tracer may not be getting enough blood or may have been damaged by a heart attack.
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Two sets of pictures may be made during a cardiac perfusion scan. One set is taken while you are resting. Another set is taken after your heart has been stressed, either by exercise or after you have been given a medicine. The resting pictures are then compared with the stress images.
This test is also known by other names including myocardial perfusion scan, myocardial perfusion imaging, thallium scan, sestamibi cardiac scan, and nuclear stress test.
Why It Is Done
A cardiac perfusion scan is done to:
Find the cause of unexplained chest pain or pressure.
Find the cause of chest pain or pressure brought on by exercise.
Check for the location and amount of damage caused by a heart attack.
Help make treatment decisions for a person with CAD.
Check to see that the heart is getting enough blood after heart surgery or angioplasty.
Identify a congenital heart defect and determine how serious it is. These scans may also be done following surgery to correct a congenital heart defect.
How To Prepare
Before a cardiac perfusion, tell your doctor if you:
Are taking any medicines, including erection-enhancing medicines (such as Cialis, Levitra, or Viagra). You may need to take nitroglycerin during this test, which can cause a serious reaction if you have taken an erection-enhancing medicine within the previous 48 hours. Ask your doctor whether you need to stop taking any of your other medicines before the test.
Are breast-feeding. The radioactive tracer used in this test can get into your breast milk. Do not breast-feed your baby for 2 days after this test. During this time, you can give your baby breast milk you stored before the test, or you can give formula. Discard the breast milk you pump for 2 days after the test.