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Heart Disease and Cardiomyopathy

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    Cardiomyopathy, or heart muscle disease, is a type of progressive heart disease in which the heart is abnormally enlarged, thickened, and/or stiffened. As a result, the heart muscle's ability to pump blood is weakened, often causing heart failure and the backup of blood into the lungs or rest of the body. The disease can also cause abnormal heart rhythms.

    There are three main types of cardiomyopathy:

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    Glossary of Heart Disease Terms

    Angina -- Discomfort, pain, or pressure in the chest caused by an inadequate blood supply to the heart. Pain may also be felt in the neck, jaw, or arms. Angiogram (cardiac catheterization) -- A test used to diagnose heart disease. During the procedure a catheter is inserted into an artery, usually in the leg, and contrast dye is injected into the arteries and heart. X-rays of the arteries and heart are taken. Anticoagulant -- A medication that prevents blood from clotting; used for...

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    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by James Beckerman, MD, FACC on February 10, 2014
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