Mitral Valve Stenosis - Overview
Your doctor will ask you questions
about your past health and do a physical exam. If your doctor thinks you might
have the disease, he or she may do more tests, which may include:
electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG). This test can check
for problems with your heart rhythm.
ultrasound test lets your doctor see a picture of your
heart, including the mitral valve.
- A chest
X-ray. This shows your heart and lungs and can help
your doctor find the cause of symptoms such as shortness of breath.
These tests also help your doctor find what caused the
stenosis and how severe it is.
How is it treated?
Treatment depends on how severe
the disease and your symptoms are.
- You'll probably need only regular checkups if
you have mild or no symptoms.
- You may need medicines if your
symptoms bother you or concern your doctor.
- You may need your
mitral valve repaired or replaced if you have severe symptoms, your valve is
very narrow, or you are at risk for other problems, such as heart failure.
You will likely need regular echocardiograms so your
doctor can check for any changes in your mitral valve and heart.
Talk to your doctor about your activity and exercise. If your stenosis is
mild, you'll probably be able to do your usual activities, get mild exercise,
and play some sports. But if your stenosis is moderate or severe, it's best to
avoid intense activity or exercise. Your doctor can help you choose the right
type of activity or exercise.
Talk to your doctor about how much
sodium you can eat. Sodium causes your body to hold
extra water. This can make shortness of breath, tiredness, and other symptoms