Today, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is practically a household word. But not so long ago, it was a mysterious procedure for infertility that produced what were then known as "test-tube babies." Louise Brown, born in England in 1978, was the first such baby to be conceived outside her mother's womb.
Unlike the simpler process of artificial insemination -- in which sperm is placed in the uterus and conception happens otherwise normally -- IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. Once an embryo or embryos form, they are then placed in the uterus. IVF is a complex and expensive procedure; only about 5% of couples with infertility seek it out. However, since its introduction in the U.S. in 1981, IVF and other similar techniques have resulted in more than 200,000 babies.
By Rebecca Davis
Even after years of infertility treatments, Monica and Steve Klein couldn't get
pregnant. And while they were busy trying to create a new family, they forgot
about the one they already had--with each other. Our relationship expert helps
this couple find their way back to the intimacy they once shared.
When Monica and Steve Klein married in the summer of 2003, they immediately
started trying to have a baby. But the Deer Park, NY, couple wasn't able to
conceive, so their doctor...