The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located within the thyroid gland in the neck. They produce parathyroid hormone, which helps control the amount of calcium in the blood. If your parathyroid gland is too big (enlarged), it can cause your body to produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism). This may lead to too much calcium in the urine, which makes it more likely that you will have calciumkidney stones.
If you get kidney stones because of enlarged parathyroid glands, your doctor may suggest surgery to remove one or more of the glands (parathyroidectomy).
Often there are no symptoms of a kidney stone until it starts to move and blocks the flow of urine.
When this happens, symptoms may include:
Waves of sharp pain in your back and side or lower abdomen The pain may move toward the groin or testicles.
Inability to find a comfortable position. People with kidney stones often pace the floor.
Nausea and vomiting with ongoing flank pain
Blood in the urine
The frequent urge to urinate
Sometimes an infection is also present, and may cause...
In this procedure, you are given general anesthesia and the surgeon makes an incision in the front of your neck. He or she then finds the parathyroid glands, determines their size, and removes any enlarged ones. In most people, there is only one enlarged gland.
How long you stay in the hospital and how quickly you recover depend on your age and general health. But many people leave the hospital a few days after surgery. You typically can return to work and your normal activities in 1 to 2 weeks.
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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
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