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    Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Lung

    1. COPD: Handling a Flare-Up - Topic Overview

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) weakens the structure of the lung and may also damage the tiny air sacs (alveoli) in the lung. When these air sacs break down,larger airspaces known as bullae are formed. Bullae sometimes can become so large that they interfere with breathing and may cause complications: They can burst,leading to a collapsed lung ( pneumothorax ). A collapsed lung ...

    2. COPD: Avoiding Weight Loss

      Key pointsSome people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-especially those with emphysema-may be underweight and malnourished. People with COPD often lose weight. When you lose weight, you lose muscle mass, including the muscles that help you breathe. This may make breathing more difficult. About 1 in 4 people with COPD weighs too little for good health, and those who are ...

    3. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - Other Treatment

      Learn how vena cava filters may be used in treating pulmonary embolism.

    4. Bronchoscopy

      Bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look at your airway through a thin viewing instrument called a bronchoscope.

    5. Pneumonia - Exams and Tests

      Your doctor will usually diagnose pneumonia by using your medical history, a physical exam, and a chest X - ray. Based on the medical history and physical exam, your doctor may start your treatment right away without doing other tests. The need for more t

    6. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) - Treatment Overview

      Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cannot be cured, it can be managed. Treatment for COPD focuses on:Slowing the progression of the disease by avoiding tobacco smoke and other environmental factors, such as air pollution.Reducing and controlling symptoms, such as shortness of breath.Increasing your activity level.Improving your overall health.Preventing and treating a COPD ...

    7. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - Topic Overview

      Normal lung and respiratory functionThe breathing tubes, or bronchi, leading to the air sacs (alveoli) are lined with cells that produce mucus. Normally, the cells produce a thin, runny mucus that coats the surface of the lungs.Foreign particles, such as dust and germs, constantly enter the lungs and become trapped in the mucus. Tiny hairs called cilia on the surface of the breathing tubes sweep the mucus and foreign particles upward into the larger air passages and then up to the throat where they can be swallowed or coughed up.Effects of cystic fibrosis on lung and respiratory functionCystic fibrosis causes the mucus that coats the breathing tubes to become so thick and sticky that the cilia are unable to sweep the germs and other particles up and out of the lungs. The trapped bacteria lead to frequent, serious infections and permanent lung damage.In response to infections, the body's immune system sends white blood cells to the lungs to attempt to destroy the infection. White blood

    8. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - Medications

      Medications can help prevent repeated episodes of pulmonary embolism by preventing new blood clots from forming or preventing existing clots from getting larger.

    9. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - Cal's story

      Why me? That’s what Cal asked himself over and over after he was diagnosed with severe COPD 5 years ago. "I spent the first 2 years moping around the house,feeling sorry for myself," he says. "I didn't go anywhere,I didn't do anything. I just sat in front of the TV and tried not to think about anything." Then one day Sonny,his 5-year-old granddaughter,walked up to him as he sat in his ...

    10. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) - Topic Overview

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) slowly damages the lungs and affects how you breathe. COPD's effect on breathing In COPD,the airways of the lungs (bronchial tubes) become inflamed and narrowed. They tend to collapse when you breathe out and can become clogged with mucus. This reduces airflow through the bronchial tubes,a condition called airway obstruction,making it difficult ...

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