Symptoms of pleurisy may include the following:
Severe, fleeting, sharp pain in your chest, often on one side only, when breathing deeply, coughing, moving, sneezing, or even talking.
Severe chest pain that goes away when you hold your breath.
When pleurisy occurs in certain locations of the lungs, the pain can be felt in other parts of the body such as the neck, shoulder, or abdomen.
Rapid, shallow breathing in response to the pain.
You quickly will become very sick. Within a few days, you'll start to have more serious symptoms, such as:
A fast heartbeat and fast breathing. These are signs of fluid buildup in the lungs (pulmonary edema).
After a person with HPS starts having
trouble breathing, he or she may die within hours. Most deaths occur within 1 to 2 days after severe breathing problems begin. About 4 out of 10
people who get HPS do not survive.1
Your doctor will know for sure
that you have HPS only if you have the signs of HPS and if tests show that the
virus is or has been in your blood or tissues.
How is it treated?
HPS requires treatment in a hospital right away, even if the case is mild. You will get treatment
to support you through the illness, such as intravenous (IV) fluids and medicines. You may need a ventilator to help you breathe.
People who survive the
illness usually recover quickly. Most are able to leave the hospital after 7
Can HPS be prevented?
The best way to prevent
hantavirus infection is to avoid contact with rodents and their
droppings. If you live in or visit an area where the viruses have been
Set metal traps to catch rodents, and block
areas where rodents can get into your home.
Keep garbage in tightly covered containers.
Clean up rodent bedding
sites around your house. You may need to call a
professional exterminator. If you do the cleanup yourself, be
very careful and:
Air out closed buildings well before you go inside to clean them.
Wear gloves and a mask.
Clean with a wet mop and disinfectant (rather than sweeping or vacuuming).
When you are camping or hiking, avoid
rodent droppings, burrows, and possible rodent shelters. Use only bottled water or water that has been
Do not use a cabin or any other closed shelter that has rodents until it has been aired out, cleaned, and