Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Understanding Wheezing -- Diagnosis & Treatment

How Do I Find Out the Cause of My Wheezing?

To determine the cause of your wheezing, your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and what triggers them. For example, if you have no history of lung disease and you always wheeze after eating a certain food or at a certain time of year, the doctor may suspect that you have a food or respiratory allergy.

The doctor will listen to your lungs with a stethoscope to hear where the wheezing is and how much wheezing you have.

Recommended Related to Asthma

Asthma and Diet

There’s no special asthma diet. We don’t know of any foods that reduce the airway inflammation of asthma. Beverages that contain caffeine provide a slight amount of bronchodilation for an hour or two, but taking a rescue inhaler is much more effective for the temporary relief of asthma symptoms. However, a good diet is an important part of your overall asthma treatment plan. Just like regular exercise, a healthy diet is good for everyone. That goes for people with asthma, too. Obesity is associated...

Read the Asthma and Diet article > >

If this is the first time you've been evaluated, your doctor will probably ask you to perform a breathing test (spirometry) and may also order a chest X-ray.

Other blood tests and procedures may be necessary, depending on what the doctor learns from interviewing and examining you.

If it seems like allergies may be related to your wheezing, there are a variety of other tests your doctor may use to verify allergies, including skin testing or blood tests.

What Are the Treatments for Wheezing?

First off, see a doctor to determine the cause of your wheezing and then receive treatment for the specific cause.

If wheezing is caused by asthma, your doctor may recommend some or all of the following to reduce inflammation and open the airways:

  • A fast-acting bronchodilator inhaler -- albuterol (Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA), pirbuterol (Maxair Autoinhaler), levalbuterol (Xopenex ) -- to dilate constricted airways when you have respiratory symptoms
  • An inhaled corticosteroid -- mometasone (Asmanex), ciclesonide (Alvesco), beclomethasone (Qvar), flunisolide (AeroBid), fluticasone (Flovent), budesonide (Pulmicort)
  • A long-acting bronchodilator/corticosteroid combination -- fluticasone/salmeterol (Advair), budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort)
  • An asthma controller pill to reduce airway inflammation -- zafirlukast (Accolate), montelukast (Singulair)
  • A non-sedating antihistamine pill -- loratadine (Claritin, Alavert), fexofenadine (Allegra), cetirizine (Zyrtec) or a prescription nasal spray -- fluticasone propionate (Flonase), triamcinolone acetonide (Nasacort AQ), mometasone furoate (Nasonex) -- if you have nasal allergies

If you have acute bronchitis, your doctor may recommend some or all of the following:

  • A bronchodilator -- albuterol (Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA), pirbuterol, (Maxair Autoinhaler), levalbuterol, (Xopenex) -- to help ease the wheezing as the infection clears.
  • An antibiotic is usually not needed unless you have an underlying chronic lung problem or your doctor suspects a bacterial infection may be present.

Generally, any mild wheezing that accompanies acute bronchitis disappears when the infection does.

Call 911 if you have any difficulty breathing. In emergencies, a medical team may administer any of the following:

  • A shot of epinephrine to open clogged respiratory passages
  • Oxygen
  • A corticosteroid (such as methylprednisolone or prednisone)
  • Frequent or continuous nebulizer (breathing) treatments
  • A mechanical ventilator to help you breathe

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Luqman Seidu, MD on April 21, 2013

Today on WebMD

Hot Tub Disease
Article
Lung Disease Health Check
HEALTH CHECK
 
Cigarette butts in ashtray
Article
Household Hazards For People With Copd
Article
 

Bronchitis Overview
SLIDESHOW
Copd Myth Fact Quiz
QUIZ
 
Living With Copd
VIDEO
Energy Boosting Foods
SLIDESHOW
 

cigarette butts snuffed out in ashtray
SLIDESHOW
Healthy Home Health Check
TOOL
 
Senior woman stretching
Article
Diagnosing Copd
VIDEO
 

WebMD Special Sections