What problems can using illegal anabolic steroids cause?
Anabolic steroids can
cause serious side effects. Some of these effects can be permanent.
In men, anabolic steroids can:
Reduce sperm count.
Shrink the testicles.
Cause you not to be able to father children.
Enlarge the breasts.
In women, anabolic steroids can:
Increase body hair.
Decrease breast size.
Enlarge the clitoris.
Deepen the voice.
In both men and women, anabolic steroids can
High blood pressure, heart attack, or stroke.
Higher levels of bad cholesterol
(LDL) and lower levels of good cholesterol
Liver disease and possibly liver
cancer. The chance of these problems is higher when steroids are taken as a
Oily skin, acne, and male-pattern hair loss.
Skin infections that can become severe if the drug was
tainted with bacteria.
Irritability, rage, aggression, violence, uncontrolled high
energy (mania), false beliefs (delusions), and addiction.
Teens who take illegal anabolic steroids are at risk for the same problems as adults who use them. Also, bone growth in teens may stop before it is complete. The teen
may not reach his or her full adult height.
People who use anabolic steroids on a routine basis can have
withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking them.
Symptoms include having depression, being extremely tired, and having no desire to
How is anabolic steroid misuse identified?
Your doctor may ask
questions about your fitness activities and what kinds of dietary supplements
and other substances you use. The doctor may do a physical exam and order urine
and blood tests.
How is it treated?
Treatment for misuse of
anabolic steroids has not been studied much. Doctors
Treatment in a program that includes medicines
for withdrawal symptoms and other health problems.