Causes of Premature Menopause
How to Find Out if You Have Premature Menopause
Your doctor will ask you if you've had changes typical of menopause, like
hot flashes, irregular periods, sleep problems, and vaginal dryness. Normally,
menopause is confirmed when a woman hasn't had her period for 12 months in a
However, with certain types of premature menopause, these signs may not be
enough for a diagnosis. A blood test that measures follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH) can be done. Your ovaries use this hormone to make estrogen. FSH levels
rise when the ovaries stop making estrogen. When FSH levels are higher than
normal, you've reached menopause. However, your estrogen levels vary daily, so
you may need this test more than once to know for sure.
You may also have a test for levels of estradiol (a type of estrogen) and
luetinizing hormone (LH). Estradiol levels fall when the ovaries fail. Levels
lower than normal are a sign of menopause. LH is a hormone that triggers
ovulation. If you test above normal levels, you've gone through menopause.
Additional Information on Premature Menopause:
1. Frequently Asked Questions - Menopause and
Menopause Treatments - This fact sheet discusses menopause symptoms and
treatments, including postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) and the practical
steps women can take to alleviate symptoms and prevent diseases like
osteoporosis and heart disease.
2. Health Care and Maintenance for Women
Undergoing Risk-Reducing Ovarian Surgery - This publication explains menopause
symptoms and the associated health concerns for women who are considering
risk-reducing ovarian surgery.
3. When Surgery Causes Menopause (Copyright ©
NAMS) - This fact sheet provides patient-friendly information on hysterectomy
and the surgical procedures that can cause menopause.
4. Early Menopause Guidebook (Copyright ©
NAMS) - This booklet explains natural and premature menopause. It also lists
the symptoms and treatments associated with menopause, and gives information on
postmenopausal health concerns.
5. Facing Menopause and its Symptoms
(Copyright © breastcancer.org) - This publication is for women who are going
through premature menopause due to treatment for breast cancer. It explains
menopause symptoms, how to cope with them, and what treatments are
6. Induced Menopause Explained (Copyright ©
NAMS) - This fact sheet provides patient-friendly information on induced
menopause and why it may occur after chemotherapy or surgery.
- American Menopause Foundation
- Hormone Foundation
- The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)