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Dementia in Head Injury

Next Steps After a Head Injury and Dementia

The head-injured person with dementia requires regularly scheduled follow-up visits with the medical professional coordinating his or her care. These visits give the coordinator a chance to check progress and make recommendations for changes in treatment if any are necessary.

Head Injury Prevention

A head injury and its resulting complications, such as dementia, are highly preventable.

  • Use of protective gear in contact sports and hard hats and safety equipment at work if applicable.
  • Wear seat belts and bicycle and motorcycle helmets.
  • For older adults, altering the surroundings to lower the risk of falls is important.
  • Protecting children from child abuse helps prevent head injuries.

A person who has experienced a head injury is at risk for further head injuries. Lower the danger by being aware of risk factors.

  • Avoiding substance abuse makes further injury less likely.
  • Some patients with head injury have suicidal thoughts. These people require immediate medical attention. In many cases, suicide can be prevented with treatment of depression, counseling, and other therapy.
  • Athletes should not return to play until they have been cleared by their health care provider.

Outlook for Dementia After a Head Injury

The outlook for persons with dementia after head injury is difficult to predict with certainty. Some people recover fully from severe injuries; others remain disabled for long periods after much milder injuries. In general, outcome relates to the seriousness of the injury. 

Dementia from head injury usually does not get worse over time and may even improve over time.


For More Information

Brain Injury Association of America

1608 Spring Hill Road, Suite 110

Vienna, VA 22182
(703) 761-0750
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health
31 Center Drive, MSC 2540
Building 31, Room 8A-06
Bethesda, MD 20892-2540
(800) 352-9424 (recording)
(301) 496-5751

National Mental Health Association
2000 North Beauregard Street, 12th Floor
Alexandria, VA 22311
(703) 684-7722

Toll free (800) 969-6642


WebMD Medical Reference from eMedicineHealth

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on October 09, 2012

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