Why do health experts recommend exercise for osteoporosis? When you
exercise, you don't just build muscle and endurance. You also build and
maintain the amount and thickness of your bones. You may hear health
professionals call this “bone mass and density.”
Three types of exercise for osteoporosis are:
All three types of exercise for osteoporosis are needed to
build healthy bones.
Weight-bearing Exercise for Osteoporosis
Weight-bearing means your feet and legs support your body’s weight. A few
examples of weight-bearing exercise for osteoporosis are:
- Stair climbing
Sports like bicycling and swimming are great for your heart and lungs.
However, these are not weight-bearing exercise for osteoporosis. That’s because
you are being held up by something other than your feet and legs, such as the
bicycle or the water.
Walking as little as three to five miles a week can help build your bone
health. For general health, most experts recommend that everyone get at least
half an hour of moderate to vigorous exercise five times a week. Forty-five
minutes to an hour is even better.
Resistance Exercise for Osteoporosis
Resistance means you’re working against the weight of another
object.Resistance helps with osteoporosis because it strengthens muscle and
builds bone. Studies have shown that resistance exercise increases bone density
and reduces the risk of fractures.
Resistance exercise for osteoporosis includes:
Free weights or weight machines at home or in the gym
Resistance tubing that comes in a variety of strengths
Water exercises -- any movement done in the water makes your muscles work
For best results, do resistance exercises two or three times a week. Make
the exercise more challenging by gradually adding weight or repetitions. Work
all your different muscles -- including arms, chest, shoulders, legs, stomach,
and back. Be sure not to do resistance training on the same muscle group two
days in a row. Give each muscle group time to recover.