The treatment of prostate cancer often requires the expertise of many medical specialists. Depending on your own case, doctors you may see include:
Urologist. A urologist is specially trained to treat problems affecting the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra) and disorders of the male reproductive system. Some urologists, called urologic oncologists, are surgeons who further specialize in treating cancer of the urinary tract and male reproductive organs.
Radiation oncologist. A radiation oncologist specializes in the use of radiation therapy to treat cancer. He or she develops the radiation treatment plan, monitors patients while they are receiving radiation therapy, and treats any side effects from the radiation.
Medical oncologist. A medical oncologist specializes in treating cancer with medical therapies, such as chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Medical oncologists also handle the general medical problems that may arise during the disease.
Other medical specialists that may be involved in your care include:
Two tests are used to look for prostate cancer: a digital rectal exam and a PSA blood test.
The PSA blood test looks for something called prostate-specific antigen in the blood. Who should have a PSA test and when is controversial:
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend regular PSA tests. The task force say the tests may find cancers that are so slow growing that treatment, which can have serious side effects, would offer no benefit.
The American Cancer Society (ACS)...