Skip to content
    Select An Article

    Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug Guide

    (continued)
    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs: DMARDs continued...

    Examples of DMARDs:

     

    Name Brand Name(s) Precautions Potential Side Effects
    auranofin
    (oral gold)
    Ridaura

    Limit exposure to sunlight and tell your doctor if you have had:
    • Any adverse reactions to gold-containing medications
    • A history of blood-cell problems
    • Inflammatory bowel, kidney, or bowel disease

    Diarrhea
    • Low blood counts
    Metallic taste
    Mouth ulcers

    Skin rash or itching

    azathiaprine

    Imuran

    Tell your doctor if:
    • You use allopurinol
    • You have kidney or liver disease

    • Fever or chills
    • Loss of appetite
    Liver problems
    • Low blood counts
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Extreme fatigue

    Rare:

    Azathiaprine is associated with certain cancers, such as lymphoma.

    cyclosporine

    Sandimmune, Neoral

    Tell your doctor if you have:
    • Liver or kidney disease
    • Active infection
    High blood pressure

    Headache
    High blood pressure
    Hair growth
    • Kidney problems
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea
     

    Increased risk of infection and certain cancers.
    gold sodium thiomalate (injectable gold)

    Myochrysine

    Tell your doctor if you have:
    Lupus
    Skin rash
    • Kidney disease
    Colitis

    • Irritated, sore tongue
    • Irritated, bleeding gums
    • Metallic taste
    • Skin rash or itching
    • White spots on mouth or throat

    Joint pain may occur for a few days after first few injections.

    hydroxychloroquine sulfate Plaquenil Tell your doctor if you have vision problems; vision may be damaged with high doses or long-term use.

    • Blurry vision or increased light sensitivity
    Headache
    • Abdominal cramps or pain
    • Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
    • Itching or rashes

    leflunomide Arava

    Tell your doctor if you have:
    • Active infection
    • Liver or kidney disease
    Cancer

    Stop taking leflunomide before trying to conceive.

    Dizziness
    Hair loss
    Headache
    Heartburn
    High blood pressure
    • Gastrointestinal or liver problems
    • Low blood cell count
    Neuropathy
    • Skin rash

    methotrexate Rheumatrex, Trexall Tell your doctor if you have:
    • Abnormal blood counts
    • Liver or lung disease
    Alcoholism
    • Active infection or hepatitis

    Abdominal pain
    • Chills or fever
    • Dizziness
    Hair loss
    Headache
    • Light sensitivity
    • Itching
    • Liver problems
    • Low blood counts


    Rare, but serious:

    Dry cough, fever, or trouble breathing, which may result from a blood disease
    tofacitinib Xeljanz • Xeljanz adds to risk of serious infections, cancers, lymphoma.
    • May increase cholesterol levels and liver enzymes.
    • May lower blood count.
    • Upper respiratory tract infection
    • Headache
    • Diarrhea
    • Inflammation of the nasal passage and the upper part of the throat

     

    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    rubbing hands
    Avoid these 6 common mistakes.
    mature couple exercising
    Decrease pain, increase energy.
     
    mature woman threading needle
    How much do you know?
    hands
    Swelling, fatigue, pain, and more.
     
    Lucille Ball
    Slideshow
    Hand bones X-ray
    Article
     
    prescription pills
    Article
    Woman massaging her neck
    Quiz
     
    woman roasting vegetables in oven
    Slideshow
    Woman rubbing shoulder
    Slideshow
     
    doctor and patient hand examination
    Video
    arthritis
    Article