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Actinic keratoses commonly appear in areas of chronic sun exposure, such as the face and dorsa of the hands. Actinic cheilitis is a related condition that usually appears on the lower lips...
The skin sample is placed on a slide with KOH solution and the solvent DMSO. This solution slowly dissolves the skin cells but not the fungus cells.
The fungus cells can then be seen with a microscope. Color stains may be used
so that the fungus is easier to see.
Why It Is Done
If you have patches of skin that are itchy, red, or scaly with
bumps that look like blisters on the edges, a KOH test may be done to find out whether you
have a fungal infection of the skin.
Findings of a KOH test may include the following:
No fungi are present in the skin samples.
Fungi are present in the skin samples.
What To Think About
A doctor may be able to know if you have a
fungal infection by the appearance of the rash and may not need to do a KOH
If the KOH preparation shows that you do not have a
fungal infection, other tests may be done to figure out the cause of
the skin problem.