Your ovaries stop making estrogen during this time in your life. That hormone is essential to women as it kicks in for puberty, as it controls your menstrual cycle, and during pregnancy. When it’s gone, your body gets to have a break from working so hard at all these stages.
You may know this life shift comes with hot flashes, night sweats, and mood changes. But some other changes can lead to bladder control issues for some women.
Your vaginal tissue become less elastic.
The lining of your urethra, the tube that empties urine from your bladder, begins to thin.
Your pelvic floor, the group of muscles that supports both your urethra and bladder, weakens.
What Bladder Issue Do You Have?
The most common ones women face during and after menopause are:
Stress incontinence. You might lose a few drops of urine when you’re coughing, sneezing, or laughing. Or you might notice leaking when you’re lifting something heavy or doing something that puts pressure on your bladder.
Urge incontinence. The need to pee comes on fast and unexpectedly. You might not make it to a bathroom in time. This is sometimes called an “irritable” or “overactive” bladder.
Nocturia. Some women wake up several times in the middle of the night with an urge to pee.
Menopause isn’t always the reason why your bladder is acting up. Your muscles may have naturally weakened due to age. Or you might have had injuries as a result of giving birth to a child, or several children.